T

T

/T/ 1. [from LISP terminology for `true'] Yes. Used in reply to a question (particularly one asked using The -P convention). In LISP, the constant T means `true', among other things. Some Lisp hackers use `T' and `NIL' instead of `Yes' and `No' almost reflexively. This sometimes causes misunderstandings. When a waiter or flight attendant asks whether a hacker wants coffee, he may absently respond `T', meaning that he wants coffee; but of course he will be brought a cup of tea instead. Fortunately, most hackers (particularly those who frequent Chinese restaurants) like tea at least as well as coffee -- so it is not that big a problem. 2. See time T (also since time T equals minus infinity). 3. [techspeak] In transaction-processing circles, an abbreviation for the noun `transaction'. 4. [Purdue] Alternate spelling of tee. 5. A dialect of LISP developed at Yale. (There is an intended allusion to NIL, "New Implementation of Lisp", another dialect of Lisp developed for the VAX) From Jargon Dictionary

T-1

A leased-line connection capable of carrying data at 1,544,000 bits-per-second. At maximum theoretical capacity, a T-1 line could move a megabyte in less than 10 seconds. That is still not fast enough for full-screen, full-motion video, for which you need at least 10,000,000 bits-per-second. T-1 lines are commonly used to connect large LANs to the Internet. From Matisse

T-3

A leased-line connection capable of carrying data at 44,736,000 bits-per-second. This is more than enough to do full-screen, full-motion video. From Matisse

TA-Linux

TA-Linux is a small, multiplatform Linux distribution. It comes with just enough to be usable and it's easy to customize to some particular use. TA-Linux sparc pre-0.2.0-test was released June 6, 2002. A major rewrite of TA-Linux, version 0.2.0-Preview1, was released July 6, 2002. TA-Linux 0.2.0-Beta1 (Alpha) was released August 15, 2002. TA-Linux 0.2.0-Beta2 (i386) was released August 22, 2002. Version 0.2.0-beta4 (i386) was released June 10, 2003. A small disk distribution. From LWN Distribution List

TAR

An archiver that is used to combine many files and directories in single archive file. The name comes from 'Tape ARchive', since the utility was created to make tape backups of Unix systems. From Linux Guide @FirstLinux

TCP

Transmission Control Protocol--the big kahoona of the Internet Protocols. TCP takes the information to be generated by an application and passes it to the IP (Internet Protocol) to be transmitted. IP is responsible for getting a packet of information from one host to another, while TCP is responsible for making sure messages get from one host to another and that the messages are understood. From Glossary of Distance Education and Internet Terminology

TCP

Transmission Control Protocol. The chief transport protocol for TCP/IP. Key point: TCP is "connection oriented". This means the three-way handshake must be completed before any data can be sent across the connection. This makes IP address spoofing impossible without sequence number prediction. Key point: TCP creates a virtual "byte stream" for applications. Therefore, applications that send/receive data must create their own boundaries, such as length encoding the data, or send text data a line at a time. However, in practice, applications do indeed send data aligned on packet boundaries. Most network-based intrusion detection systems depend upon these boundaries in order to work correctly. Therefore, they can easily be evaded by custom written scripts that misalign the data. The applications don't see any difference, but the NIDS see something completely different go across the wire that no longer matches their signatures. Contrast: There are two transport protocols: TCP and UDP. Whereas TCP is connection-oriented, UDP is connectionless, meaning UDP-based applications are easily spoofed. TCP Format: 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Source Port | Destination Port | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Sequence Number | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Acknowledgment Number | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Data | |U|A|P|R|S|F| | | Offset| Reserved |R|C|S|S|Y|I| Window | | | |G|K|H|T|N|N| | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Checksum | Urgent Pointer | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | Options | Padding | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | data | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ Sequence Number^ The sequence number of the first byte within this packet. Acknowledgement Number^ The next expected sequence number of packets coming in the opposite direction. Reserved^ Not used. Note that this "field" is actually two fields: the low-order bits of the data offset byte and the high-order bits of the flags byte. Key point: The two undefined flags in this field are handled differently by different systems, which allows them to be fingerprinted URG^ The urgent flag is used to send what is known as out-of-band data. Key point: TCP/IP stacks often don't implement this right, and virtually no application uses it either. In fact, the WinNuke DoS attack against Windows was due to the fact that Windows would crash on URG data. ACK^ When set, the Acknowledgement Number field is valid. Key point: This bit is set in every packet but the first one, because every TCP packet acknowledges the last data it received. Key point: In order to block incoming connections, firewalls typically only pay attention to TCP packets with the ACK bit == 0. In other words, by blocking the first packet of a TCP connection, you prevent the connection from being established in the first place. Key point: Hackers can usually send TCP packets through a firewall by setting the ACK bit. Even though hackers cannot connect to a service, they can still do things like port scanning using this technique. PSH^ Normally, TCP tries to coalesce multiple packets into a single packet in order to improve throughput performance (handling one big chunk is more efficient than smaller chunks), but at the cost of latency (after receiving the first chunk, it must wait a little bit to see if a second chunk arrives). This bit tells the stack to push the data though immediately without waiting. RST^ Informs the other side that an error has occurred. This will either drop the connection or set it back to a known state. Key point: Different TCP/IP stacks send resets in response to different conditions, which can be used to fingerprint the stack. SYN^ Begins a connection. The most important consideration is synchronizing the sequence numbers on both sides. See SYN for more information. FIN^ Closes a connection. Key point: If you send a FIN packet to an open port, it should not respond. Some incorrectly written stacks respond anyway, allowing you to fingerprint a system. Key point: IDS systems monitoring network traffic will sometimes kill TCP sessions by spoofing a FIN packet. Thus, when it detects an intruder connected to a server, it will make the server think the intruder has hung-up, and the server will likewise hang-up. From Hacking-Lexicon

TCP Transmission Control Protocol

(often written as TCP/IP because it works together with IP). TCP is a protocol which ensures that data transmitted is received in the intended order and free of errors. The reason for this is that when computer data is transmitted over the Internet it is broken up into small `packets' which may travel over different routes. From Faculty-of-Education

TCP sequence number prediction

When trying to spoof a TCP connection, the intruder is faced with the difficulty that he will never see the response to a SYN packet.. This is a problem because the victim sends back information to the spoofed address that is needed to carry on the conversation, namely the sequence number being used by the victim. Luckily (for hackers), most systems choose sequence numbers in a predictable way. History: Kevin Mitnick was caught doing TCP sequence number prediction against Tsutmu Shimomura. The reason Shimomura was able to catch Mitnick is because in order to predict the next sequence number, you must first grab the previous number using a non-spoofed connection. History: One of the first to point out this security problem was Robert T. Morris in a 1985 paper entitled A Weakness in the 4.2BSD Unix TCP/IP Software. From Hacking-Lexicon

TCP-IP

Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol. It is the data communication protocol most often used on Linux machines. [Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol] The wide-area-networking protocol that makes the Internet work, and the only one most hackers can speak the name of without laughing or retching. Unlike such allegedly `standard' competitors such as X.25, DECnet, and the ISO 7-layer stack, TCP/IP evolved primarily by actually being used, rather than being handed down from on high by a vendor or a heavily-politicized standards committee. From Linux Guide @FirstLinux

TCP-IP

Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol. It is the data communication protocol most often used on Unix machines. From NIS HOWTO

TCP/IP

/T'C-P I'P/ n. 1. [Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol] The wide-area-networking protocol that makes the Internet work, and the only one most hackers can speak the name of without laughing or retching. Unlike such allegedly `standard' competitors such as X.25, DECnet, and the ISO 7-layer stack, TCP/IP evolved primarily by actually being used, rather than being handed down from on high by a vendor or a heavily-politicized standards committee. Consequently, it (a) works, (b) actually promotes cheap cross-platform connectivity, and (c) annoys the hell out of corporate and governmental empire-builders everywhere. Hackers value all three of these properties. See creationism. 2. [Amateur Packet Radio] Formerly expanded as "The Crap Phil Is Pushing". The reference is to Phil Karn, KA9Q, and the context was an ongoing technical/political war between the majority of sites still running AX.25 and the TCP/IP relays. TCP/IP won. From Jargon Dictionary

TCP/IP (TCP/IP suite, TCP/IP stack)

Describes the protocols used on the Internet. The term evolved from the fact that these were the two most important protocols for engineers. If you talk about how to get data across the network from machine to machine, then you talk about IP packets. If you are interested in the abstract communication between applications, then you talk about TCP connections. If talk about generic transport of data encompassing both concepts (machine and application), then you naturally talk about both TCP and IP, or simply TCP/IP. From Hacking-Lexicon

TCP/IP (Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol)

This is the suiteof protocols that defines the Internet. Originally designed for the UNIX operating system, TCP/IP software is now included with every major kind of computer operating system. To be truly on the Internet, your computer must have TCP/IP software. From Matisse

TCSEC (DoD Trusted Computer System Evaluation Criteria, CSC-STD-001-83, DoD 5200.28-STD)

A formal and academic specification of infosec created by the United States Department of Defense in the early 1980s. Point: TCSEC is divided in four parts: A, B, C, and D, where 'A' describes systems with the highest security and 'D' describes untrusted/untrustworthy systems. Each of these is further subdivided into "classes". Microsoft received "C2" certification for Windows NT. This mean the government certified the system as to conforming to class 2 of division C. Contrast: TCSEC is designed around the concept of trusted employees accessing local systems. It was not designed for todays open Internet access. Hackers do not approach security from the TCSEC point of view. TCSEC doesn't deal with types of threats hackers pose. What this means is that the TCSEC approach is irrelevent when trying to defend your e-commerce site against hackers. However, it is extremely useful in protecting internal systems from internal people. Remember that the biggest threat is from your own internal employees, and that most cybercriminals were convicted for having abused trust placed in them. From Hacking-Lexicon

TELNET

/tel'net/ vt. (also commonly lowercased as `telnet') To communicate with another Internet host using the TELNET (RFC 854) protocol (usually using a program of the same name). TOPS-10 people used the word IMPCOM, since that was the program name for them. Sometimes abbreviated to TN /T-N/. "I usually TN over to SAIL just to read the AP News." From Jargon Dictionary

TFTP

Trivial File Transfer Protocol TFTP is a bare-bones protocol used by devices that boot from the network. It is runs on top of UDP, so it doesn't require a real TCP/IP stack. Misunderstanding: Many people describe TFTP as simply a trivial version of FTP. This misses the point. The purpose of TFTP is not to reduce the complexity of file transfer, but to reduce the complexity of the underlying TCP/IP stack so that it can fit inside boot ROMs. Key point: TFTP is almost always used with BOOTP. BOOTP first configures the device, then TFTP transfers the boot image named by BOOTP. Key point: Many systems come with unnecessary TFTP servers. Many TFTP servers have bugs, like the backtracking problem or buffer overflows. As a consequence, many systems can be exploited with TFTP even though virtually nobody really uses it. Key point: A TFTP file transfer client is built into many operating systems (UNIX, Windows, etc.). These clients are often used to download rootkits when being broken into. Therefore, removing the TFTP client should be part of your hardening procedure. From Hacking-Lexicon

TFTP

Trivial File Transfer Protocol: this is a simplified version of FTP without authentication and many other basic features. Often used for booting devices over a network. From Linux Guide @FirstLinux

THANKS file

List of contributors to a package. From Rute-Users-Guide

TIA

An acronym for The Internet Adapter, a program that allows pseudo- SLIP connections from a normal shell account, TIA is distributed by Marketplace.com. SLiRP is a free program that performs a similar function. From KADOWKEV

TINY

The website is available in English, French, Spanish, German, Portuguese and Italian. Tiny Linux is a small Linux distribution designed especially for old recycled computers. From LWN Distribution List

TLD (Top Level Domain)

The last (right-hand) part of a complete Domain Name. For example in the domain name www.matisse.net ".net" is the Top Level Domain. There are a large number of TLD's, for example .biz, .com, .edu, .gov, .info, .int, .mil, .net, .org, and a collection of two-letter TLD's corresponding to the standard two-letter country codes, for example, .us, .ca, .jp, etc. From Matisse

TLS

stands for Transport Layer Security and is the protocol which almost all security enabled browsers use. It was designed by Netscape and was formerly known SSL or Secure Sockets Layer. From Linux Guide @FirstLinux

TMOUT

If set to a value greater than zero, the value is interpreted as the number of seconds to wait for input after issuing the primary prompt. Bash terminates after waiting for that number of seconds if input does not arrive. From Rute-Users-Guide

TODO file

List of future desired work to be done to package. From Rute-Users-Guide

TSS (Telecommunications Standardization Sector)

The TSS develops technically-oriented international communications standards. All member countries of the International Telecommunications Union (ITU), one of the specialized agencies of the United Nations, can participate in the work of TSS. From Glossary of Distance Education and Internet Terminology

Tag

A command in a markup language, such as HTML, to display information in a certain way, such as bold, centered or using a certain font. From I-gloss

Tag

In HyperText Markup Language (HTML), a code that identifies an element (a certain pan of a document, such as a heading or list) so that a Web browser can tell how to display it. Tags are enclosed by beginning and ending delimiters (angle brackets). Most tags begin with a start tag (delimited with <>), followed by the content and an end tag (delimited with </>), as in the following example: <H1>Welcome to my home page</H1> From QUECID

Tar

A program used to create a single file archive from several files, often used to distribute programs for Unix. The Unix command has many options. From KADOWKEV

Tar (Tape ARchive)

A file packaging tool included with UNIX/Linux for the purpose of assembling a collection of files into one combined file for easier archiving. It was originally designed for tape backup, but today can be used with other storage media. When run by itself, it produces files with a .tar extension. When combined with Gzip, for data compression, the resulting file extensions may be .tgz, .tar.gz or .tar.Z. From I-gloss

Tarball

A file created by the Tar utility, containing one or more other archived and, optionally, compressed files. From I-gloss

Tcl/Tk

Tcl (generally pronounced "tickle") is a command language designed and first implemented by John Ousterhout. Tcl is an extensible, interpreted, programming language, which has been ported to a wide range of machines and operating systems. Tk (pronounced "Tee-kay") is an X-windows toolkit for Tcl. It is generally claimed that Tcl/Tk implementations of software require approximately 10 times less code than the corresponding software in C. From Linux Guide @FirstLinux

Tcl/Tk

Tcl is a scripting language. It is an easy to learn interpreted language that uses a typeless approach to achieve a higher level of programming and a rapid application development. The Tk toolkit is a programming environment for creating graphical user interf aces (GUI) under X Window System. Their capabilities include the possibility to extend and embed in other application, rapid development and ease of use. Toge ther, Tcl and Tk provide many benefits both to application developer and user. Tk-ba sed interfaces tend to be much more customizable and dynamic than those built with one of the C or C++ based toolkits. Tk implements the Motif look and feel. A great number of interesting X applications are implemented entirely in Tk, with no new application-specific commands at all. From Tcl/Tk HOWTO

TeX

/tekh/ n. An extremely powerful macro-based text formatter written by Donald E. Knuth, very popular in the computer-science community (it is good enough to have displaced Unix troff, the other favored formatter, even at many Unix installations). TeX fans insist on the correct (guttural) pronunciation, and the correct spelling (all caps, squished together, with the E depressed below the baseline; the mixed-case `TeX' is considered an acceptable kluge on ASCII-only devices). Fans like to proliferate names from the word `TeX' -- such as TeXnician (TeX user), TeXhacker (TeX programmer), TeXmaster (competent TeX programmer), TeXhax, and TeXnique. See also CrApTeX. Knuth began TeX because he had become annoyed at the declining quality of the typesetting in volumes I-III of his monumental "Art of Computer Programming" (see Knuth, also bible). In a manifestation of the typical hackish urge to solve the problem at hand once and for all, he began to design his own typesetting language. He thought he would finish it on his sabbatical in 1978; he was wrong by only about 8 years. The language was finally frozen around 1985, but volume IV of "The Art of Computer Programming" is not expected to appear until 2002. The impact and influence of TeX's design has been such that nobody minds this very much. Many grand hackish projects have started as a bit of toolsmithing on the way to something else; Knuth's diversion was simply on a grander scale than most. TeX has also been a noteworthy example of free, shared, but high-quality software. Knuth offers a monetary awards to anyone who found and reported bugs dating from before the 1989 code freeze; as the years wore on and the few remaining bugs were fixed (and new ones even harder to find), the bribe went up. Though well-written, TeX is so large (and so full of cutting edge technique) that it is said to have unearthed at least one bug in every Pascal system it has been compiled with. From Jargon Dictionary

TeX

A popular macro-based text formatter. The basis for other such formatters, including LaTeX and teTeX. From I-gloss

TeX

An extremely powerful macro-based text formatter written by Donald E. Knuth, very popular in the computer-science community (it is good enough to have displaced Unix troff, the other favored formatter, even at many Unix installations). From Linux Guide @FirstLinux

TechLinux

Tech Ltda Computer science launched TechLinux 2.0 on July 16, 2001. This general purpose Linux OS is entirely in Brazilian Portuguese. From LWN Distribution List

Telecommunication

The science of information transport using wire, radio, optical, or electromagnetic channels to transmit receive signals for voice or data communications using electrical means. From Glossary of Distance Education and Internet Terminology

Teleconferencing

Interactive communication among people at two or more locations using telecommunications. From Glossary of Distance Education and Internet Terminology

Telnet

A communications protocol for connecting to other computers locally or across the Internet, telnet is available as a Unix command. From KADOWKEV

Telnet

A network protocol that provides a remote command-line shell. Telnet was created in the early 1970s, and is still widely used (as of early 2000). The most common uses of Telnet are to remotely login to UNIX systems. It is also widely used to obtain a command-prompt on network equipment such as routers and switches. Misconception: The word Telnet is the name of both the protocol as well as the client-program that uses the protocol. This client program is built into most systems. Using the Telnet program, you can open up a raw TCP connection to any port on the target computer in order to interact directly with text-based protocols. Thus, when we talk about telnetting to a certain port, we usually are talking about simply opening a raw connection. Indeed, we may be referring to a case where neither the Telnet program nor protocol are being used, such as using netcat to port 80. Example: Telnet to your local SMTP using a command that looks like telnet smtp.example.com 25. The first parameter should be your own mail server, whereas the second parameter indicates which port to connect to (other than the default port 23). Now type in the text as you see it below:

Telnet

An Internet protocol that enables Internet users to log on to another computer linked to the Internet, including those that cannot directly communicate with the internet's TCP/IP protocols. Telnet establishes a "plain vanilla" computer terminal called a network virtual terminal. This capability is frequently used to enable communications with bulletin boards systems (BBSs) and mainframe computers. For example, you will often see hyperlinks so Telnet sessions while browsing the World Wide Web (WWW) . If you click such a hyperlink, your browser starts a Telnet helper program, and you see a text-only command window. In this window, you type commands and see the remote system's responses. From QUECID

Telnet

It allows users to access computers and their data at thousands of places around the world, most often at libraries, universities, and government agencies. From Glossary of Distance Education and Internet Terminology

Telnet

The command and program used to login from one Internet site to another. The telnet command/program gets you to the login: prompt of another host. From Matisse

Telnet

This program enables connection to foreign or remote host computers, (usually mainframes) and provides access information on them. From Faculty-of-Education

Template

In a program, a document or worksheet that includes the text or formulas needed to create standardized documents. The template can be used to automate the creation of these documents in the future. From QUECID

Terabyte

1000 gigabytes. From Matisse

Terminal

A device that allows you to send commands to a computer somewhere else. At a minimum, this usually means a keyboard and a display screen and some simple circuitry. Usually you will use terminal software in a personal computer - the software pretends to be (emulates) a physical terminal and allows you to type commands to a computer somewhere else. From Matisse

Terminal Server

A special purpose computer that has places to plug in many modemson one side, and a connection to a LAN or host machine onthe other side. Thus the terminal server does the work of answering thecalls and passes the connections on to the appropriate node. Mostterminal servers can provide PPP or SLIP services if connectedto the Internet. From Matisse

Terminal emulation

The use of a communications progam to transform a computer into a terminal for the purpose of data communication. From QUECID

Text Editor

A program for editing text files. Similar to a word processor, but without most/all of the formatting functions (such as margins, italics, fonts, etc.). Often used for writing or editing scripts, programs and ASCII text files (such as README.1ST). From I-gloss

Text Formatter

A program that prepares a text document for printing, allowing the user to perform many layout functions, such as margins, headers, footers, indentation, pagination and justification. From I-gloss

Text editor

In programming, a program designed for altering sequences of words and numbers, but without the features of a full-fledged word processing program. Text editors are used for writing source code as well as creating basic text documents. From QUECID

Thai Linux Extension

The website is in Thai. Redmond Linux and compatible do appear in the text. Thailand based distribution. From LWN Distribution List

ThinStation

ThinStation is a Linux distribution that enables you to convert standard PCs into full-featured diskless thinclients supporting all major connectivity protocols. It can be booted from the network using Etherboot/PXE or from standard media like floppy/CD/hd/flash-disk etc. The configuration is centralized to simplify terminal management. The initial Freshmeat release was on May 15, 2003, version 0.91. Version 0.92 was released June 12, 2003. A 'special purpose/mini' distribution. From LWN Distribution List

Think Blue Linux

Think Blue was the original port of Linux to the IBM mainframe. ThinkBlue/64 7.1a, a respin of ThinkBlue/64 7.1 with all updates integrated was released October 11, 2001. (IBM) Note: Most of the Leading Distributions support IBM mainframes. From LWN Distribution List

ThizLinux

ThizLinux Labratory Ltd., home of the ThizLinux distribution, is based in Hong Kong. Products include Thiz Linux Desktop 6.0, Thiz Office 3.0 (an Open Office clone localized for Hong Kong users), and Thiz Server 6.0. Entry added August 20, 2002. From LWN Distribution List

Thread

A series of discussions posted on a listserver, Usenet newsgroup, or conference that deals with the same subject. From Faculty-of-Education

Thread

A small piece of programming that acts as an independent subset of a larger program, also called a "process". A multithreaded program can run much faster than a monolithic, or single-threaded, program because several, or even many, different tasks can be performed concurrently, rather than serially (sequentially). Also, threads within a single application can share resources and pass data back and forth between themselves. From I-gloss

Tiemann, Michael

one of the original authors of the GNU C++ compiler. Ten years ago he co-founded Cygnus Support (now Cygnus Solutions) to commercialize support for the GNU compiler, debugger, and editor: gcc, gdb, and Emacs. From Linux Guide @FirstLinux

Time-sharing

A method of allowing multiple users to share a processor by allocating each user a portion of the processor resources on a timed basis and rotating each user's processes within those time segments. (Also, see Multitasking.) From I-gloss

TimeSys Linux/RT

TimeSys Linux provides a foundation for embedded systems with any kind of performance requirements. From non-real-time, to soft real-time, all the way to hard real-time, TimeSys Linux offers unsurpassed predictability, robustness, scalability, and is available on a variety of board/microprocessor configurations. TimeSys Linux 4.0 was released February 13, 2003. From LWN Distribution List

Timo's Rescue CD

Timo provides an easy way to generate a rescue system on a bootable CD, which can be easily adapted to your own needs. The project has evolved into a "Debian on CD" project, so it's not only possible to use the system as a rescue CD, it is also possible to install a whole Debian system on CD. Works with other distributions as well. A CD-based distribution. From LWN Distribution List

Tinfoil Hat Linux

Tinfoil Hat Linux started as a secure, single floppy, bootable Linux distribution for storing PGP keys and then encrypting, signing and wiping files. At some point it became an exercise in over-engineering. Now at version 1.0, THL is released under a BSD style license. From LWN Distribution List

Tom Linux

Distribution and website are in Chinese. From LWN Distribution List

Tomsrtbt

"The most GNU/Linux on 1 floppy disk." Tom's Root Boot (tomsrtbt) is possibly the best known and widely used recovery disk version of Linux. Version 2.0.103 was released May 4, 2002. From LWN Distribution List

Tomukas

Tomukas is a small Linux mini-distribution, featuring busybox, tinylogin, mc, joe, ssh, X-window with fvwm1 and not much else. Not for beginners. A small disk distribution. From LWN Distribution List

TopologiLinux

TopologiLinux is a free easy to install Linux distribution that runs on top of a DOS/WIN harddisk without partitioning the disk. It is based on Slackware 8.1 with some improved packages like kernel 2.4.19 with Xwindows 4.2, gnome 1.4.1, and kde 3.01, and more. TopologiLinux v1.0 was released August 25, 2002. Version 3.1.0 was released April 29, 2003. From LWN Distribution List

Torvalds, Linus

The creator of the Linux operating system, Linus Torvalds began this work back in 1991 as part of his University studies. Linus holds the Linux trademark and acts as coordinator of the linux development project. From Linux Guide @FirstLinux

Torvalds, Linus

The original creator of the Linux kernel in 1991, holder of the Linux copyright, and currently still the coordinator of the Linux development project. From I-gloss

Touch

A command that changes the date/time stamp of a file without affecting the contents. From I-gloss

TrX

TrX is a project that aims to produce a Debian GNU/Linux-based desktop router and firewall package based on Knoppix. This system will be bootable directly from CD-ROM, so hard disk installation will not be necessary. The initial Freshmeat release of TrX, version 3.2, was made available March 12, 2003. A CD-based distribution. From LWN Distribution List

Trinity Rescue Kit

The Trinity Rescue Kit is based on Mandrake 9.0. It is designed to rescue/repair/prepare dead or damaged systems, be it Linux or Windows. It now has networking capabilities like ssh and samba and supports about every network card, disk controller and USB controller. Version 1.0 was released March 7, 2003. A CD-based distribution. From LWN Distribution List

TrinityOS

TrinityOS is a step-by-step, example-driven HOWTO on building a very functional Linux box with strong security in mind. TrinityOS is well known for its strong packet firewall ruleset, Chrooted and Split DNS (v9 and v8), secured Sendmail (8.x), Linux PPTP, Serial consoles and Reverse TELNET, DHCPd, SSHd, UPSes, system performance tuning, the automated TrinityOS-Security implementation scripts, and much more. The current version is 04/08/2003 released April 8, 2003. From LWN Distribution List

Trinux

Trinux is a ramdisk-based Linux distribution that boots from a single floppy or CD-ROM, loads it packages from an HTTP/FTP server, a FAT/NTFS/ISO filesystem, or additional floppies. Trinux contains network security tools as well as support for Perl, PHP, and Python scripting languages. Remote Trinux boxes can be managed securely with OpenSSH. Version 0.80rc2 was released February 4, 2002. A 'special purpose/mini' distribution. From LWN Distribution List

Triple DES (3DES, 3DES_EDE)

A stronger form of DES where the algorithm is applied three times in order to encrypt data. Triple DES became necessary in the later part of the 20th century because DES had become so weak (a $200k machine was able to decrypt a DES encrypted message in hours). At that time, the new AES replacement had not yet appeared. In order to leverage DES hardware/software products, it was decided just to use DES three times with multiple keys. Point: Triple DES runs in "E-D-E" mode where it encrypts the data with the first key, then decrypts it with the second key, then encrypts with the third key. The second "decryption" phase is really just an encryption step: it is only by convention that one direction is considered encryption and the other direction decryption. The reason this technique is chosen is that if the same key is supplied three times, the effect is the same as a single encryption step. Controversy: The NSA urged banks not to adopt Triple-DES as a standard, citing national security concerns. They instead urged banks to adopt the Clipper chip. The banks went with Triple-DES in ANSI X9.52. In fact, as of 1998, several countries mandated the use of Triple-DES (replacing DES) in financial transactions. Controversy: Simply tripling the encryption does not necessarily triple its strength. For example, there are many crypto algorithms whereby encrypting with two different keys simply means you can decrypt with a single third key. Many suspect that tripling DES only doubles is cryptographic strength. From Hacking-Lexicon

Trojan Horse

A computer program is either hidden inside another program or that masquerades as something it is not in order to trick potential users into running it. For example a program that appears to be a game or image file but in reality performs some other function. The term "Trojan Horse" comes from a possibly mythical ruse of war used by the Greeks sometime between 1500 and 1200 B.C. A Trojan Horse computer program may spread itself by sending copies of itself from the host computer to other computers, but unlike a virus it will (usually) not infect other programs. From Matisse

TrueType Fonts

A wide variety of fonts designed to be printer-independent, unlike PostScript fonts. Available for the Apple Macintosh and Windows. Not commonly used with UNIX/Linux. (Also, see BDF Fonts and PostScript Fonts.) From I-gloss

Trustix

Trustix Secure Linux is a server oriented Linux distribution with high emphasis on security. Trustix provides several support alternatives for users of Trustix Secure Linux. The Trustix Secure Linux 2.0 Techology Preview 2 nicknamed Forecast was released February 18, 2003. Trustix Secure Linux 2.0 release candidate 1 (Thunder) was released June 23, 2003. A 'secured' distribution. From LWN Distribution List

Turbolinux

Turbolinux supports a variety of platforms and Asian languages. They are the Asian arm of UnitedLinux. Turbolinux Enterprise Server 8 powered by UnitedLinux is currently available. From LWN Distribution List

Tux

Tux the Penguin is the official emblem of Linux, This eventuated after a logo contest in 1996, during which Linus Torvalds endorsed the idea of a penguin logo in a couple of famously funny postings. Linus explained that he was once bitten by a killer penguin in Australia and has felt a special affinity for the species ever since. (Linus has since admitted that he was also thinking of Feathers McGraw, the evil-genius penguin jewel thief who appeared in a Wallace & Grommit feature cartoon, "The Wrong Trousers".) Larry Ewing designed the official Tux logo. It has proved a wise choice, amenable to hundreds of recognizable variations used as emblems of Linux-related projects, products, and user groups. In fact, Tux has spawned an entire mythology, of which the Gospel According to Tux and the mock-epic poem "Tuxowolf" are among the best-known examples. There is a `real' Tux - a black-footed penguin resident at the Bristol Zoo. Several friends of Linux bought a zoo sponsorship for Linus as a birthday present in 1996. From Jargon Dictionary

Tynux

PalmPalm Technology is a Korean based company. They put Tynux into the Zaurus PDA and other appliances. From LWN Distribution List

t-code

Yet another Japanese input method T-Code is Japanese input method that doesn't use Kana-to-Kanji conversion. You can input Kanji characters directly in the same way of inputting Hiragana. This packages also provides TUT-Code input method (the alternative of T-Code). From Debian 3.0r0 APT

t-gnus

A branch of Semi-gnus (Gnus for SEMI) variants. Semi-gnus is a replacement of Gnus with gnus-mime for SEMI. It has all features of Gnus and gnus-mime, so there are no need to install Gnus to use it, and you must not use gnus-mime for SEMI. It requires SEMI package, so please get and install SEMI package before to install it. Use T-gnus in offline(Unplugged) status using gnus-offline. T-gnus have also features that have Semi-gnus MainTrunk. Enable to get Multiple Pop server in POP and APOP using pop3-fma.el (pop3 For Multi Account). By Tatsuya Ichikawa <[email protected]>. T-gnus is one of Semi-gnus variants. Now, "Semi-gnus" is generic name of Gnus for SEMI. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

t-prot

display filter for RFC822 messages This program is a filter which shall improve the readability for messages (email and posts) by *hiding* some annoying parts, e.g. mailing list footers, signatures and TOFU as well as squeezing sequences of blank lines or punctuation. TOFU is an acronym that stands for "Text oben, Fullquote unten" (german language) which means the style of sadly so many people that just leave all the quotes in a reply and add some own lines above. This acronym is what gave the script it's name - TOFU Protection. It currently offers hints how to include it within mutt. It should be possible to do similars with other mailers that allow to have a message run through a program before it's displayed. If you have such an mailer I'd be interested if you could let me know of your setup. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

t1lib-bin

Type 1 font rasterizer library - user binaries T1lib is an enhanced rasterizer for Type 1 fonts. T1lib is based on the X11R5 font rasterizer code, but operates independently of X11. It includes many enhancements, including underlining, antialiasing, user-defined slant and extension factors, and rotation. This package contains the programs "xglyph" and "type1afm", included in the upstream T1lib distribution. It also contains the "t1libconfig" script used to configure t1lib. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

t1lib1

T1lib is a library for generating character and string-glyphs from Adobe Type 1 fonts under UNIX. T1lib uses most of the code of the X11 rasterizer donated by IBM to the X11-project. But some disadvantages of the rasterizer being included in X11 have been eliminated. T1lib also includes a support for antialiasing. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM

t1lib1

Type 1 font rasterizer library - runtime T1lib is an enhanced rasterizer for Type 1 fonts. T1lib is based on the X11R5 font rasterizer code, but operates independently of X11. It includes many enhancements, including underlining, antialiasing, user-defined slant and extension factors, and rotation. This package contains the shared libraries needed to run programs using T1lib. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

t1mapper

A tool to help xdvi use all your t1 fonts From whatis

t1utils

A collection of simple Type 1 font manipulation programs. t1utils is a collection of simple type-1 font manipulation programs. Together, they allow you to convert between PFA (ASCII) and PFB (binary) formats; disassemble PFA or PFB files into human-readable form; and reassemble the human-readable files into PFA or PFB format files. You can also extract font resources from a Macintosh font file (ATM/Laserwriter), or create a Macintosh Type 1 font file from a PFA or PFB font. There are currently six programs: t1ascii Converts PFB files to PFA format. t1binary Converts PFA files to PFB format. t1disasm Disassembles a Type 1 font (PFA or PFB format) into a raw, human-readable text form for subsequent hand editing, tweaking, hint fixing, etcetera... t1asm Assembles a Type 1 font into PFA or PFB format from the human-readable form produced by t1disasm. t1unmac Extracts POST resources from a Macintosh Type 1 font file (ATM/Laserwriter) into PFA or PFB format for use outside the Macintosh environment. The Macintosh file should be stored in MacBinary, AppleSingle, AppleDouble, or BinHex format, or as a raw resource fork. Note that t1unmac does not have to run on a Macintosh, but makes Macintosh Type 1 fonts available for use on Unix machines and PCs. t1mac Creates a Macintosh Type 1 file from a PFA- or PFB-format Type 1 font. Writes the Macintosh file in MacBinary, AppleSingle, AppleDouble, or BinHex format, or as a raw resource fork. WARNING: This tool will not suffice to allow you to use the new font on a Macintosh, as Macintoshes cannot read raw Type 1 fonts. You will need to create a font suitcase containing bitmap fonts. If you do not already have such a suitcase for the font, T1utils will not help you create one. This version of the t1utils programs has been maintained by Eddie Kohler <[email protected]> since version 1.5, based on the original code by I. Lee Hetherington. As such, it is a complete replacement for the t1utils Debian package, which is based on version 1.2 of I. Lee Hetherington's code. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

t1utils

The t1utils package is a set of programs for manipulating PostScript Type 1 fonts. It contains programs to change between binary PFB format (for storage), ASCII PFA format (for printing), a human-readable andeditable ASCII format, and Macintosh resource forks. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM

tac

concatenate and print files in reverse From whatis

tac-plus

This is the daemon for the TACACS+ protocol TACACS or XTACACS protocol is diferent from TACACS+ protocol. be careful, may not be secure. This package is for manage a cisco RAS or other RAS that supports the TACACS+ protocol. A RAS is a remote access server. Mostly they are black boxes that let users connect to internet using PPP, SLIP or other protocol... On doubt, don't install. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tack

terminfo action checker From whatis

tag-types

Utilities for handling 'tagged' files Set of utilities for manipulating files in a specific tagged format, similar to that of lsm files (but with slightly different rules for handling multi line fields). They are intended for use as an interchange format and are described on the Tag Types Homepage at http://www.paladin.demon.co.uk/tag-types/ From Debian 3.0r0 APT

taglog

Personal time management system Taglog is designed for anyone who spends most of their day sitting at a computer, working on various projects. You can make notes about what you do, as you go along, associating them with the projects you work on. At the end of the week you can produce a report of how your time was spent, broken down by project for booking purposes. You can view previous entries, by date, or by project. You can enter the actions you intend to take, associate them with a project, and mark them as active, or complete. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tail

output the last part of files From whatis

taint

A common vulnerability that hackers use to break into systems is the lack of proper input validation. The problem is that programmers expect users to enter in "proper" input, but fail to check for the case of hostile users carefully crafting input designed to compromise the system. The problems with input validation is that the part of the system that receives the input does not know enough to validate it properly. On the other hand, every single component in the system cannot thoroughly validate input. The concept of "taint" is to mark certain inputs as having been entered by the user. Only a thorough desconstruction/reconstruction of the data removes the taint. Some programming languages, like PERL, automate this tracking. Others, like C, requires manual tracking. Example: Version 4 of PERL has a special alternative interpretter called tainperl that tracks tainted input. Version 5 of PERL has the option "-T" that tracks taint. See also: metacharacter From Hacking-Lexicon

talk

Talk to another user. Talk is a visual communication program which copies lines from your terminal to that of another user. In order to talk locally, you will need to install the talkd package. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

talk

The talk package provides client and daemon programs for the Internet talk protocol, which allows you to chat with other users on different systems. Talk is a communication program which copies lines from one terminal to the terminal of another user. From Redhat 8.0 RPM

talk mode

n. A feature supported by Unix, ITS, and some other OSes that allows two or more logged-in users to set up a real-time on-line conversation. It combines the immediacy of talking with all the precision (and verbosity) that written language entails. It is difficult to communicate inflection, though conventions have arisen for some of these (see the section on writing style in the Prependices for details). Talk mode has a special set of jargon words, used to save typing, which are not used orally. Some of these are identical to (and probably derived from) Morse-code jargon used by ham-radio amateurs since the 1920s. AFAIAC as far as I am concerned AFAIK as far as I know BCNU be seeing you BTW by the way BYE? are you ready to unlink? (this is the standard way to end a talk-mode conversation; the other person types BYE to confirm, or else continues the conversation) CUL see you later ENQ? are you busy? (expects ACK or NAK in return) FOO? are you there? (often used on unexpected links, meaning also "Sorry if I butted in ..." (linker) or "What's up?" (linkee)) FWIW for what it's worth FYI for your information FYA for your amusement GA go ahead (used when two people have tried to type simultaneously; this cedes the right to type to the other) GRMBL grumble (expresses disquiet or disagreement) HELLOP hello? (an instance of the `-P' convention) IIRC if I recall correctly JAM just a minute (equivalent to SEC....) MIN same as JAM NIL no (see NIL) NP no problem O over to you OO over and out / another form of "over to you" (from x/y as "x over y") \ lambda (used in discussing LISPy things) OBTW oh, by the way OTOH on the other hand R U THERE? are you there? SEC wait a second (sometimes written SEC...) SYN Are you busy? (expects ACK, SYN|ACK, or RST in return; this is modeled on the TCP/IP handshake sequence) T yes (see the main entry for T) TNX thanks TNX 1.0E6 thanks a million (humorous) TNXE6 another form of "thanks a million" WRT with regard to, or with respect to. WTF the universal interrogative particle; WTF knows what it means? WTH what the hell? <double newline> When the typing party has finished, he/she types two newlines to signal that he/she is done; this leaves a blank line between `speeches' in the conversation, making it easier to reread the preceding text. <name>: When three or more terminals are linked, it is conventional for each typist to prepend his/her login name or handle and a colon (or a hyphen) to each line to indicate who is typing (some conferencing facilities do this automatically). The login name is often shortened to a unique prefix (possibly a single letter) during a very long conversation. /\/\/\ A giggle or chuckle. On a MUD, this usually means `earthquake fault'. Most of the above sub-jargon is used at both Stanford and MIT. Several of these expressions are also common in email, esp. FYI, FYA, BTW, BCNU, WTF, and CUL. A few other abbreviations have been reported from commercial networks, such as GEnie and CompuServe, where on-line `live' chat including more than two people is common and usually involves a more `social' context, notably the following: <g> grin <gd&r> grinning, ducking, and running BBL be back later BRB be right back HHOJ ha ha only joking HHOK ha ha only kidding HHOS ha ha only serious IMHO in my humble opinion (see IMHO) LOL laughing out loud NHOH Never Heard of Him/Her (often used in initgame) ROTF rolling on the floor ROTFL rolling on the floor laughing AFK away from keyboard b4 before CU l8tr see you later MORF male or female? TTFN ta-ta for now TTYL talk to you later OIC oh, I see rehi hello again Most of these are not used at universities or in the Unix world, though ROTF and TTFN have gained some currency there and IMHO is common; conversely, most of the people who know these are unfamiliar with FOO?, BCNU, HELLOP, NIL, and T. The MUD community uses a mixture of Usenet/Internet emoticons, a few of the more natural of the old-style talk-mode abbrevs, and some of the `social' list above; specifically, MUD respondents report use of BBL, BRB, LOL, b4, BTW, WTF, TTFN, and WTH. The use of `rehi' is also common; in fact, mudders are fond of re- compounds and will frequently `rehug' or `rebonk' (see bonk/oif) people. The word `re' by itself is taken as `regreet'. In general, though, MUDders express a preference for typing things out in full rather than using abbreviations; this may be due to the relative youth of the MUD cultures, which tend to include many touch typists and to assume high-speed links. The following uses specific to MUDs are reported: CU l8er see you later (mutant of CU l8tr) FOAD fuck off and die (use of this is generally OTT) OTT over the top (excessive, uncalled for) ppl abbrev for "people" THX thanks (mutant of TNX; clearly this comes in batches of 1138 (the Lucasian K)). UOK? are you OK? Some B1FFisms (notably the variant spelling d00d) appear to be passing into wider use among some subgroups of MUDders. One final note on talk mode style: neophytes, when in talk mode, often seem to think they must produce letter-perfect prose because they are typing rather than speaking. This is not the best approach. It can be very frustrating to wait while your partner pauses to think of a word, or repeatedly makes the same spelling error and backs up to fix it. It is usually best just to leave typographical errors behind and plunge forward, unless severe confusion may result; in that case it is often fastest just to type "xxx" and start over from before the mistake. See also hakspek, emoticon. From Jargon Dictionary

talkd

Remote user communication server. Talkd is the server that notifies a user that someone else wants to initiate a conversation. It acts a repository of invitations, responding to requests by clients wishing to rendezvous to hold a conversation. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tama

Net Tamagotchi server Net Tamagotchi server - maintains multiple virtual pets on a Unix host to be accessed through telnet. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tangle

translate WEB to Pascal From whatis

taper

Full-screen system backup utility. Taper is a tape backup and restore program that provides a friendly user interface to allow backup/restore to a tape drive. Alternatively, files can be backed up to hard disk files. Selecting files for backup and restore is very similar to the Mouseless Commander interface and allows easy traversal of directories. Recursively selected directories are supported. Incremental backup and automatic most recent restore are defaults settings. SCSI, ftape, zftape, ide tape drives, and removable drives are supported. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tapiir

A tool for real time audio delay and feedback effects. Tapiir is a simple and flexible audio effects processor, inspired on the classical magnetic tape delay systems used since the early days of electro-acoustic music composition. It provides a graphical user interface consisting of six delay lines, or "taps", which can introduce an almost arbitrarily big or small delay to their inputs and can be feed back to each other. A wide set of effects can be easily achieved by properly configuring and connecting the delay lines: complex echo patterns, resonances, filtering, etc. Delays, interconnections and gains can all be controlled in real time. Tapiir requires the ALSA sound driver. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tar

GNU tar Tar is a program for packaging a set of files as a single archive in tar format. The function it performs is conceptually similar to cpio, and to things like pkzip in the DOS world. It is heavily used by the Debian package management system, and is useful for performing system backups and exchanging sets of files with others. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tar

The GNU tar program saves many files together into one archive and can restore individual files (or all of the files) from the archive. Tar can also be used to add supplemental files to an archive and to update or list files in the archive. Tar includes multivolume support, automatic archive compression/decompression, the ability to perform remote archives and the ability to perform incremental and full backups. If you want to use Tar for remote backups, you'll also need to install the rmt package. You should install the tar package, because you'll find its compression and decompression utilities essential for working with files. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM

tar and feather

vi. [from Unix tar(1)] To create a transportable archive from a group of files by first sticking them together with tar(1) (the Tape ARchiver) and then compressing the result (see compress). The latter action is dubbed `feathering' partly for euphony and (if only for contrived effect) by analogy to what you do with an airplane propeller to decrease wind resistance, or with an oar to reduce water resistance; smaller files, after all, slip through comm links more easily. Compare the more common tarball. From Jargon Dictionary

tarball

A file created with the "tar" command containing a collection of other files. From Linux Guide @FirstLinux

tarball

n. [very common; prob. based on the "tar baby" in the Uncle Remus folk tales] An archive, created with the Unix tar(1) utility, containing myriad related files. "Here, I'll just ftp you a tarball of the whole project." Tarballs have been the standard way to ship around source-code distributions since the mid-1980s; in retrospect it seems odd that this term did not enter common usage until the late 1990s. From Jargon Dictionary

tarcust

Tarball filter Tarcust is a tool designed to help developers rolling tarballs out of their programs. It acts as a filter on tar archives, any change on file attributes (like its name, uid, gid, etc) can be performed, and files can be removed but not added to archive. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tasksel

Tool for selecting tasks for installation on Debian system This package provides 'tasksel', a simple interface for users who want to pick general tasks for installation on their Debian GNU/Linux system. This program is used during the installation process, but users can also use tasksel at any point. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tasksel

a user interface for installing tasks From whatis

tbl

format tables for troff From whatis

tcl

Tcl is a simple scripting language designed to be embedded into other applications. Tcl is designed to be used with Tk, a widget set, which is provided in the tk package. This package also includes tclsh, a simple example of a Tcl application. If you're installing the tcl package and you want to use Tcl for development, you should also install the tk and tclx packages. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM

tclcurl

Tcl interface to libcurl This module provides the same functionality as libcurl provides to C/C++ programs, please refer to the documentation of libcurl. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tclex

A lexical analyzer generator for Tcl tcLex is a lexer (lexical analyzer) generator extension to Tcl. It is inspired by Unix and GNU lex and flex, which are "tools for generating programs that perform pattern-matching on text". tcLex is very similar to these programs, except it uses Tcl philosophy and syntax, whereas the others use their own syntax and are used in conjunction with the C language. People used to lex or flex should then feel familiar with tcLex. tcLex is a small extension (the Windows compiled version is about 20kb, and the source is about 150kb), because it extensively uses the Tcl library. However, the current doesn't use Tcl's regexp code anymore but a patched version is now included in tcLex, which makes it slightly bigger (by a few KB). tcLex should work with Tcl 8.0 and later. tcLex will NEVER work with earlier versions, because it uses Tcl 8.0's "object" system for performance. The most interesting features are: * cross-platform support, thanks to Tcl. Though it has been developed on Windows and tested on Windows and Unix only, it should work on other platforms as long as Tcl exists on these platforms. Supported Tcl platforms are Windows 95/NT, Unix (Linux, Solaris...) and Macintosh. Other platforms are VMS, OS/2, NeXTStep, Amiga... * unlike lex and flex, which only generate static lexers written in C and intended to be compiled, tcLex dynamically generates Tcl commands that can be used like other C commands or Tcl procedures from within Tcl scripts or C programs. * it uses Tcl regular expressions. That means you don't have to learn another regexp language. * it works with Tcl namespaces * the generated lexer commands can be used in one pass or incrementally, because they maintain state information. That way, several instances of the same lexer (eg a HTML parser) can run at the same time in distinct call frames and maintain distinct states (local variables...). Lexer need not be specially designed in order to be used incrementally, the same lexer can transparently be used in one pass or incrementally. This feature is especially useful when processing text from a file or an Internet socket (Web pages for example), when data is not necessarily available at the beginning of the processing. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tclexpat

Tcl interface to expat XML parser. This package provides a Tcl interface to James Clark's expat library. It creates a Tcl package, called "expat", which defines a single new Tcl command "expat". From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tcllib

The Standard Tcl Library Tcllib, the standard Tcl library, is a collection of common utility functions and modules. MODULES INCLUDED: * base64: a base64 encoder and decoder * calendar: routines for manipulating dates * cmdline: a command line argument processor similar to opt * comm: remote communications facility * control: procedures for control flow structures * counter: provides a counter facility and can compute statistics and histograms over the collected data. * crc: checksum-calculation routines (crc32, cksum, sum) * csv: functions to handle CSV (comma-separated values) data * doctools: manpage-generation tools * fileutil: Tcl implementations of some standard Unix utilities * ftp: Tcl interface to the FTP protocol * ftpd: implementation of functions needed for an FTP server * html: generate and control HTML tags * htmlparse: parse HTML strings * javascript: Tcl shortcuts to create common javascript functions * log: functions to log messages with various facilities and levels * math: common math functions like min, max, and others * md5: md5 hashing functions * mime: a MIME encoder and decoder * ncgi: a new CGI processing module * nntp: Tcl functions for the NNTP protocol * pop3: a POP3 protocol implementation * profiler: a function level Tcl source code profiler * report: provides objects which can be used to generate and format reports * sha1: sha1 hashing functions * smtpd: implemetnation of functions needed for an SMTP server * stats: functions for counters, histograms, and statistics * stooop: simple Tcl-only object oriented programming scheme - provides C++/Java-like OOP interfaces * struct: Tcl implementations of common data structures (tree, graph, etc) * textutil: string manipulation library * uri: functions to generate and manipulate commonly-used URIs From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tclreadline

GNU Readline Extension for Tcl/Tk. tclreadline adds GNU Readline support to standard Tcl/Tk shells. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tclsh

Simple shell containing Tcl interpreter From whatis

tclsh8.3

Simple shell containing Tcl interpreter From whatis

tclx8.0.4

Extended Tcl (TclX) version 8.0.4 -- runtime package TclX is a set of extensions to Tcl. Extended Tcl is oriented towards Unix system programming tasks and large application development. Many additional interfaces to the Unix operating system are provided. It is upwardly compatible with Tcl. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tclx8.2

Extended Tcl (TclX) version 8.2.0 -- TclX runtime package Extended Tcl (TclX), is a set of extensions to Tcl, the Tool Command Language invented by Dr. John Ousterhout. Tcl is a powerful, yet simple embeddable programming language. Extended Tcl is oriented towards system programming tasks and large application development. TclX provides additional interfaces to the operating system, and adds many new programming constructs, text manipulation tools, and debugging tools. The tclx8.2 package doesn't include programs and libraries depending on Tk. You need the tkx8.2 package for these. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tclx8.3

Extended Tcl (TclX) version 8.3.0 -- TclX runtime package Extended Tcl (TclX), is a set of extensions to Tcl, the Tool Command Language invented by Dr. John Ousterhout. Tcl is a powerful, yet simple embeddable programming language. Extended Tcl is oriented towards system programming tasks and large application development. TclX provides additional interfaces to the operating system, and adds many new programming constructs, text manipulation tools, and debugging tools. The tclx8.3 package doesn't include programs and libraries depending on Tk. You need the tkx8.3 package for these. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tcp-wrappers

Almost all of the services provided through inetd are invoked through tcp-wrappers by way of the tcp-wrappers daemon, tcpd. The tcp-wrappers mechanism provides access control list restrictions and logging for all service requests to the service it wraps. It may be used for either TCP or TCP services as long as the services are invoked through a central daemon process such as inetd. These programs log the client host name of incoming telnet, ftp, rsh, rlogin, finger etc.... requests. Security options are access control per host, domain and/or service; detection of host name spoofing or host address spoofing; booby traps to implement an early-warning system. From Linux System Security

tcp_wrappers

The tcp_wrappers package provides small daemon programs that canmonitor and filter incoming requests for systat, finger, FTP, telnet, rlogin, rsh, exec, tftp, talk, and other network services. Install the tcp_wrappers program if you need a security tool for filtering incoming network services requests. From Redhat 8.0 RPM

tcpd

Wietse Venema's TCP wrapper utilities Wietse Venema's network logger, also known as TCPD or LOG_TCP. These programs log the client host name of incoming telnet, ftp, rsh, rlogin, finger etc. requests. Security options are: access control per host, domain and/or service; detection of host name spoofing or host address spoofing; booby traps to implement an early-warning system. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tcpd

access control facility for internet services From whatis

tcpdchk

tcp wrapper configuration checker From whatis

tcpdmatch

tcp wrapper oracle From whatis

tcpdump

A powerful tool for network monitoring and data acquisition This program allows you to dump the traffic on a network. tcpdump is able to examine IPv4, ICMPv4, IPv6, ICMPv6, UDP, TCP, SNMP, AFS BGP, RIP, PIM, DVMRP, IGMP, SMB, OSPF, NFS and many other packet types. It can be used to print out the headers of packets on a network interface, filter packets that match a certain expression. You can use this tool to track down network problems, to detect "ping attacks" or to monitor network activities. More information is at <URL: http://www.tcpdump.org/> From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tcpdump

Tcpdump is a command-line tool for monitoring network traffic. Tcpdump can capture and display the packet headers on a particular network interface or on all interfaces. Tcpdump can display all of the packet headers, or just the ones that match particular criteria. From Redhat 8.0 RPM

tcpflow

TCP flow recorder tcpflow is a program that captures data transmitted as part of TCP connections (flows), and stores the data in a way that is convenient for protocol analysis or debugging. A program like 'tcpdump' shows a summary of packets seen on the wire, but usually doesn't store the data that's actually being transmitted. In contrast, tcpflow reconstructs the actual data streams and stores each flow in a separate file for later analysis. tcpflow understands sequence numbers and will correctly reconstruct data streams regardless of retransmissions or out-of-order delivery. However, it currently does not understand IP fragments; flows containing IP fragments will not be recorded properly. tcpflow is based on the LBL Packet Capture Library and therefore supports the same rich filtering expressions that programs like 'tcpdump' support. tcpflow can also rebuild flows from data captured with 'tcpdump -w'. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tcpquota

A dialout/masquerading monitoring package. TCPQuota monitors and debit users depending on there online time (dialout). The program is made for those who have a local network with a server that also functions as a Internet gateway (among other things). The server runs diald, for example, which does the actual dial-on-demand, and this package which debit each user, whether from the server or from a masqueraded host (program includes masquerade code). All a user from inside the gateway/firewall have to do is run the command 'openhost', and the hostname and username is masqueraded and debited according to the time they spend calling out. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tcpreplay

Tool to replay saved tcpdump files at arbitrary speeds Tcpreplay is aimed at testing the performance of a NIDS by replaying real background network traffic in which to hide attacks. Tcpreplay allows you to control the speed at which the traffic is replayed, and can replay arbitrary tcpdump traces. Unlike programmatically-generated artificial traffic which doesn't exercise the application/protocol inspection that a NIDS performs, and doesn't reproduce the real-world anomalies that appear on production networks (asymmetric routes, traffic bursts/lulls, fragmentation, retransmissions, etc.), tcpreplay allows for exact replication of real traffic seen on real networks. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tcpslice

extract pieces of and/or glue together tcpdump files Tcpslice is a program for extracting portions of packet-trace files generated using tcpdump(l)'s -w flag. It can also be used to glue together several such files. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tcpspy

Incoming and Outgoing TCP/IP connections logger. tcpspy is an administrator's tool that logs information about incoming and outgoing TCP/IP connections. It's written in C and uses no libpcap functions, unlike tcpdump. Connections are selected for logging with rules, similarly to the filter expressions accepted by tcpdump. The following information is logged: username, local address and port, remote address and port, and, optionally, the executable filename. At present, only the IPv4 protocol is supported. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tcpstat

network interface statistics reporting tool tcpstat reports certain network interface statistics much like vmstat does for system statistics. tcpstat gets its information by either monitoring a specific interface, or by reading previously saved tcpdump data from a file. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tcptraceroute

A traceroute implementation using TCP packets The more traditional traceroute(8) sends out either UDP or ICMP ECHO packets with a TTL of one, and increments the TTL until the destination has been reached. By printing the gateways that generate ICMP time exceeded messages along the way, it is able to determine the path packets are taking to reach the destination. The problem is that with the widespread use of firewalls on the modern Internet, many of the packets that traceroute(8) sends out end up being filtered, making it impossible to completely trace the path to the destination. However, in many cases, these firewalls will permit inbound TCP packets to specific ports that hosts sitting behind the firewall are listening for connections on. By sending out TCP SYN packets instead of UDP or ICMP ECHO packets, tcptraceroute is able to bypass the most common firewall filters. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tcputils

Utilities for TCP programming in shell-scripts This is a collection of programs to facilitate TCP programming in shell-scripts. There is also a small library which makes it somewhat easier to create TCP/IP sockets. The programs included in this release are: mini-inetd - small TCP/IP connection dispatcher tcpbug - TCP/IP connection bugging device tcpconnect - general TCP/IP client tcplisten - general TCP/IP server getpeername - get name of connected TCP/IP peer From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tcpwrappers

acts as an intermediary between inetd and the server program to be run, providing a filtering "wrapper" that allows connections to be allowed or denied based on the host or network address. From Linux Guide @FirstLinux

tcs

Character set translator. tcs translates character sets from one encoding to another. Supported encodings include utf (ISO utf-8), ascii, ISO 8859-[123456789], koi8, jis-kanji, ujis, ms-kanji, jis, gb, big5, unicode, tis, msdos, and atari. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tcsh

TENEX C Shell, an enhanced version of Berkeley csh. tcsh (TENEX C Shell) is an enhanced version of the Berkeley Unix C shell (csh(1)). It includes all the features of 4.4BSD C shell, plus a command-line editor, programmable word completion, spelling correction and more. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tcsh

Tcsh is an enhanced but completely compatible version of csh, the Cshell. Tcsh is a command language interpreter which can be used both as an interactive login shell and as a shell script command processor. Tcsh includes a command line editor, programmable word completion, spelling correction, a history mechanism, job control, and a C language-like syntax. From Redhat 8.0 RPM

tct

Forensics related utilities. The Coroner's Toolkit (TCT) is a collection of programs by Dan Farmer and Wietse Venema for a post-mortem analysis of a UNIX system after a break-in. TCT enables you to collect date regarding deleted files, modification times of files and more. Tools contained within this package: grave-robber, lazarus, icat, ils, unrm and pcat. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tdb-tools

Trivial Database - bundled binaries This is a simple database API. It is modelled after the structure of GDBM. TDB features, unlike GDBM, multiple writers support with appropriate locking. This package contains bundled test and utility binaries From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tdl

Todo list manager tdl is a lightweight program for managing a 'to-do' list of pending jobs that you have. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tdtd

Emacs major mode for editing SGML and XML DTDs Emacs lisp for editing DTDs. The mode, which will extend psgml mode, if available, contains functions for writing and editing element, attribute, internal parameter entities and external parameter entity declarations and comments to ease creating and keeping a consistent style. More advanced features include automatic XML detection, creation of Emacs TAGS file, minibuffer completion of elements and parameter entity names, and syntax highlighting. Author: Tony Graham <[email protected]> Homepage: http://www.menteith.com/tdtd/ From Debian 3.0r0 APT

teapop

Powerful and flexible RFC-compliant POP3 server Teapop is a POP-3 server (compliant with RFC1939 and RFC2449) which supports: * Virtual hosting ("VPOP") * Flexible authentication (can get username/password from mysql, PostgreSQL, .htpasswd files, system password db... LDAP coming RSN) * APOP * mbox and Maildir-style spools * Use of X-UIDL headers * Ignoring UW-IMAPD control mails * Running from inetd or standalone * Various possible POP-before-SMTP methods if you know what you're doing. The binary in this package does not include support for database authentication. Use the teapop-mysql or teapop-pgsql packages if you need database authentication. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

teapop-mysql

Powerful and flexible RFC-compliant POP3 server Teapop is a POP-3 server (compliant with RFC1939 and RFC2449) which supports: * Virtual hosting ("VPOP") * Flexible authentication (can get username/password from mysql, PostgreSQL, .htpasswd files, system password db... LDAP coming RSN) * APOP * mbox and Maildir-style spools * Use of X-UIDL headers * Ignoring UW-IMAPD control mails * Running from inetd or standalone * Various possible POP-before-SMTP methods if you know what you're doing. The binary in this package includes support for database authentication using mysql. Use the teapop package if you do not need database authentication at all, or the teapop-pgsql package if you need to use PostgreSQL database authentication. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

teapop-pgsql

Powerful and flexible RFC-compliant POP3 server Teapop is a POP-3 server (compliant with RFC1939 and RFC2449) which supports: * Virtual hosting ("VPOP") * Flexible authentication (can get username/password from mysql, PostgreSQL, .htpasswd files, system password db... LDAP coming RSN) * APOP * mbox and Maildir-style spools * Use of X-UIDL headers * Ignoring UW-IMAPD control mails * Running from inetd or standalone * Various possible POP-before-SMTP methods if you know what you're doing. The binary in this package includes support for database authentication using PostgreSQL. Use the teapop package if you do not need database authentication at all, or the teapop-mysql package if you need to use mysql database authentication. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

ted

Graphical RTF (Rich Text Format) editor, lesstif version An editor designed for compatibility with popular MS-Windows applications that use the .rtf format, such as Word and Wordpad. Files created by Ted should be accepted as legal .rtf files. Compatibility the other way is more difficult to achieve, but Ted will ignore unsupported formatting. Ted supports font properties such as bold, italic and underline, in-line bitmap pictures, postscript printing, tables, and symbols. It can save documents in HTML format, and comes with built-in spell checking. Ted acts as a MIME handler for the application/rtf MIME type. This version of ted depends on the lesstif libraries. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

ted-common

common files used by ted and ted-gtk Docs and such for the Graphical RTF editor, ted. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

teddy

cuddly teddy bear for your X Windows desktop. From whatis

tee

n.,vt. [Purdue] A carbon copy of an electronic transmission. "Oh, you're sending him the bits to that? Slap on a tee for me." From the Unix command tee(1), itself named after a pipe fitting (see plumbing). Can also mean `save one for me', as in "Tee a slice for me!" Also spelled `T'. From Jargon Dictionary

tee

read from standard input and write to standard output and files From whatis

teg

Turn based strategy game. Tenis Empanadas Graciela is a clone of Plan Tactico y Estratigico de la Guerra, based on Risk. Teg is a multiplayer game (it can be played across the internet) and it comes with a server, a GNOME client and a robot. It has support for GGZ Gaming Zone and IPv6. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

teknap

Napster client based on BitchX This package lets avid Napster users remain comfortably ensconced in the BitchX interface we all know and love. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tela

interactive tensor language Tela (pronounced teh-lah) is an interactive numerical computing package primarily targeted for prototyping numerical simulations. It is, however, also a general purpose programming language similar to C but with features derived from Pascal as well as other interactive systems such as Matlab. Tela is not a Matlab clone. Many of Tela's features are more powerful than in Matlab; on the other hand Tela's linear algebra routines are not as sophisticated as those in Matlab. Web page: http://www.geo.fmi.fi/prog/tela.html From Debian 3.0r0 APT

telegnome

A graphical teletext viewer TeleGNOME is a program to display teletext pages over the internet. As of this moment, the teletext feeds from the Netherlands, Hungary, Denmark, Finland, Turkey, Armenia, and the Czech Republic are known to work. The program is kept quite simple, but it is very useful, hopefully. Never load up that large slow web browser to view the teletext pages, just use this nifty little piece of software. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

teletype (TTY) display

A method of displaying characters on a monitor in which characters are generated and lent, one by one, to the video display; as the characters are received, the screen fills, line by line. When full, the screen scrolls up to accommodate the new lines of characters appearing at the bottom of the screen. Teletype display mode should be familiar to DOS users. DOS uses a teletype display for accepting commands and displaying messages. See character-mapped display. From QUECID

telinit

process control initialization From whatis

telnet

Telnet is a popular protocol for logging into remote systems over the Internet. The telnet package provides a command line telnet client. From Redhat 8.0 RPM

telnet

The telnet client. The telnet command is used for interactive communication with another host using the TELNET protocol. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

telnet-client-krb5

Telnet is a popular protocol for logging into remote systems over the Internet. The telnet package provides a command line telnet client. Install the telnet package if you want to telnet to remote machines. This version supports kerberos authentication. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM

telnet-ssl

The telnet client with SSL encryption support. The telnet command is used for interactive communication with another host using the TELNET protocol. SSL telnet(d) replaces normal telnet(d) using SSL authentication and encryption. It interoperates with normal telnet(d) in both directions. It checks if the other side is also talking SSL, if not it falls back to normal telnet protocol. Advantages over normal telnet(d): Your passwords and the data you send will not go in cleartext over the line. Nobody can get it with tcpdump or similar tools. With SSLtelnet you can also connect to https-server like https://www.netscape.com. Just do 'telnet www.netscape.com 443' From Debian 3.0r0 APT

telnet.netkit

user interface to the TELNET protocol From whatis

telnetd

The telnet server. The in.telnetd program is a server which supports the DARPA telnet interactive communication protocol. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

telnetd-ssl

The telnet server with SSL encryption support. The in.telnetd program is a server which supports the DARPA telnet interactive communication protocol. SSL telnet(d) replaces normal telnet(d) using SSL authentication and encryption. It interoperates with normal telnet(d) in both directions. It checks if the other side is also talking SSL, if not it falls back to normal telnet protocol. Advantages over normal telnet(d): Your passwords and the data you send will not go in cleartext over the line. Nobody can get it with tcpdump or similar tools. With SSLtelnet you can also connect to https-server like https://www.netscape.com. Just do 'telnet www.netscape.com 443' From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tempfile

create a temporary file in a safe manner From whatis

template-new

A template system template-new is called new by upstream author. It is especially useful in conjunction with a simple text editor such as vi. The user maintains templates which may contain format strings. At run time, new replaces the format strings in a template with appropriate values to create a new file. This amounts to creation of new files from templates by issuing a command like: new file.C It comes with a large set of predefined templates. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tendra

A C and C++ compiler and checker using TDF/ANDF. TenDRA is a free C/C++ compiler built around the TDF/ANDF format which provides strict conformance checks for a range of APIs. Among those currently supported are ANSI and ISO C, POSIX 1 & 2, System V, Unix95, XPG3 and XPG4. C++ support is extremely limited in this release. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

teraflop club

/te'r*-flop kluhb/ n.

termcap

The termcap package provides the /etc/termcap file. /etc/termcap is a database which defines the capabilities of various terminals and terminal emulators. Certain programs use the /etc/termcap file to access various features of terminals (the bell, colors, and graphics, etc.). From Mandrake 9.0 RPM

termcap-compat

Compatibility package for old termcap-based programs. The termcap-compat package provides the libtermcap.so.2 and /etc/termcap files which are required to run non-Debian, binary-only termcap-based programs. Since libc6-based programs are hopefully "modern" enough to be linked with ncurses (or slang), this package only provides a libc5-based libtermcap library. You do not need to install this package to run Debian-packaged programs since Debian GNU/Linux uses terminfo and not termcap. You need this package if a program (that you cannot recompile) fails to run with the error message "...: can't load library 'libtermcap.so.2'" or complains about a missing /etc/termcap file. The termcap-compat package isn't meant to be used to compile programs therefore it doesn't provide all the necessary files for compilation. If you want to compile a program that claims to need termcap, why not try ncurses's termcap emulation instead? It's as simple as linking with ncurses instead of libtermcap (i.e. replace the '-ltermcap' with '-lncurses' in the makefile). Ncurses' termcap emulation routines translate terminfo entries to termcap entries on the fly, so you don't even need an /etc/termcap file. This package provides: libtermcap.so shared library, version 2.0.8 termcap database, version 10.2.7 From Debian 3.0r0 APT

terminal emulator

program that allows a computer to act like a (particular brand of) terminal, e.g. a vt-100. The computer thus appears as a terminal to the host computer and accepts the same escape sequences for functions such as cursor positioning and clearing the screen. From Linux Guide @FirstLinux

termwrap

terminal wrapper From whatis

terraform

A height field manipulation program Allows you to create a fractal terrain (also called a height field) and transform it using a number of algorithms. It is meant to be a tool for those who want to generate digital terrain models for use in raytracing or other simulations. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

test

check file types and compare values From whatis

test

n. 1. Real users bashing on a prototype long enough to get thoroughly acquainted with it, with careful monitoring and followup of the results. 2. Some bored random user trying a couple of the simpler features with a developer looking over his or her shoulder, ready to pounce on mistakes. Judging by the quality of most software, the second definition is far more prevalent. See also demo. From Jargon Dictionary

testparm

check an smb.conf configuration file for internal correctness From whatis

testprns

check printer name for validity with smbd From whatis

tetex

TeTeX is an implementation of TeX for Linux or UNIX systems. TeX takes a text file and a set of formatting commands as input and creates a typesetter-independent .dvi (DeVice Independent) file as output. Usually, TeX is used in conjunction with a higher level formatting package like LaTeX or PlainTeX, since TeX by itself is not very user-friendly.Install tetex if you want to use the TeX text formatting system. If you are installing tetex, you will also need to install tetex-afm (aPostScript(TM) font converter for TeX), tetex-dvilj (for converting.dvi files to HP PCL format for printing on HP and HP compatible printers), tetex-dvips (for converting .dvi files to PostScript format for printing on PostScript printers), tetex-latex (a higher level formatting package which provides an easier-to-use interface for TeX), and tetex-xdvi (for previewing .dvi files in X). Unless you are anexpert at using TeX, you should also install the tetex-doc package, which includes the documentation for TeX. From Redhat 8.0 RPM

tethereal

Network traffic analyzer (console) Ethereal is a network traffic analyzer, or "sniffer", for Unix and Unix-like operating systems. A sniffer is a tool used to capture packets off the wire. Ethereal decodes numerous protocols (too many to list). This package provides the console version of ethereal, named "tethereal". From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tetradraw

ANSI drawing and viewing utility. tetradraw is an easy to use drawing utility that gives you an ease access to the high characters like smileys, card signs and the well known single and double frame line characters but much more. Also the changing of foreground and background colors is not hard to do. tetraview is the viewer for such produced images. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tex

text formatting and typesetting From whatis

tex-chess

Chess fonts for TeX/LaTeX. Piet Tutelaers' chess fonts for TeX/LaTeX. The included style file allows one to typesets moves, games and diagrams. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tex-guy

miscellaneous utilities using DVIlib This package contains several utilities useful for dealing with TeX DVI files. dvi2misc generates PostScript, PGM or images for EPSON ESC/Page and Ricoh RPDL printers from a TeX DVI. It can be used as an DVI driver for those printers. dvifontlist displays a list of fonts used in a DVI file, while dvispecials displays a list of 'special' commands in a DVI file. dvipages shows the number of pages in a DVI file. xgdvi, spawx11 and spawg has been separated since they depend on X and/or GTK+ libraries. This is a part of the TeX-Guy distribution. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tex4ht

LaTeX and TeX for Hypertext (HTML) TeX4ht is a highly configurable TeX-based authoring system for producing hypertext. It interacts with TeX-based applications through style files and postprocessors, leaving the processing of the source files to the native TeX compiler. Consequently, TeX4ht can handle the features of TeX-based systems in general, and of LaTeX in particular. TeX4ht can be used both for authoring HTML using TeX/LaTeX input files, or for converting existing TeX input files (in any format) into HTML, with (usually) only minor modifications. You will need imagemagick suite of programs to convert from graphics in DVI files, as output by TeX (via postscript) to GIF, PNG or JPEG files. Alternatively, you could use ghostscript and programs from the netpbm package after adjusting TeX4ht's configuration. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

texconfig

configures teTeX From whatis

texdoc

Utility to maintain TeX format files From whatis

texdoctk

GUI for easier access of TeX package and program documentations texdoctk is a GUI for easier access of a large part of the vast amount of package and program documentations and tutorials for TeX and its different derivatives (mainly LaTeX). From Debian 3.0r0 APT

texexec

ConTeXt and PDF auxiliary program and batch processor From whatis

texhash

create ls-R databases From whatis

texi2dvi

print Texinfo documents From whatis

texi2html

Convert Texinfo files to HTML texi2html is a Perl script that converts Texinfo files to HTML. The program takes Texinfo files (not info ones) and produces a set of HTML files. The quality of the output is close to the printed output and is much better than an info->HTML gateway. Compared to the output of `makeinfo --html', texi2html's output is more customizable and (subjectively) produces better output by default. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

texi2pdf

create a PDF file from a Texinfo file From whatis

texindex

sort Texinfo index files From whatis

texinfo

Documentation system for on-line information and printed output Texinfo is a documentation system that uses a single source file to produce both on-line information and printed output. Using Texinfo, you can create a printed document with the normal features of a book, including chapters, sections, cross references, and indices. From the same Texinfo source file, you can create a menu-driven, on-line Info file with nodes, menus, cross references, and indices. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

texinfo

Texinfo is a documentation system that can produce both online informationand printed output from a single source file. Normally, you'd have to write two separate documents: one for online help or other online information and the other for a typeset manual or other printed work. Using Texinfo, you only need to write one source document. Then when the work needs revision, you only have to revise one source document. The GNU Project uses the Texinfo file format for most of its documentation. Install texinfo if you want a documentation system for producing both online and print documentation from the same source file and/or if you are going to write documentation for the GNU Project. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM

texlinks

maintain symbolic links from format to engine From whatis

texmacs

WYSIWYG emacs-ish mathematical text editor, using tex fonts GNU TeXmacs is a free scientific text editor, which was both inspired by TeX and GNU Emacs. The editor allows you to write structured documents via a WYSIWYG (what-you-see-is-what-you-get) and user friendly interface. New styles may be created by the user. The program implements high-quality typesetting algorithms and TeX fonts, which help you to produce professionally looking documents. The high typesetting quality still goes through for automatically generated formulas, which makes TeXmacs suitable as an interface for computer algebra systems. TeXmacs also supports the Guile/Scheme extension language, so that you may customize the interface and write your own extensions to the editor. In the future, TeXmacs is planned to evolve towards a complete scientific office suite, with spreadsheet capacities, a technical drawing editor and a presentation mode. See the TeXmacs home page http://www.texmacs.org. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

texshow

ConTeXt command and parameter reference From whatis

text

This word has multiple senses. Historically, it comes the standard English word meaning that main body of a printed or written work. For example, the text of a letter somebody sent you distinguishes the body of the letter from the envelope or the greeting. In cryptography, the word TEXT means anything you might want to encrypt, where the words plaintext indicates the message before you encrypt it and ciphertext indicates the message after you encrypt it. In other areas of computer science, there is text data and binary data. The phrase "text" generally means human readable data, such as English text, whereas the word binary indicates data that can only be read by the computer. Misunderstanding: We sometimes encrypt binary data, in which case the binary data forms that plain text of the message. Conversely, the body of a binary program that runs is often referred to as the TEXT of the program. In both these particular areas, the word "TEXT" is indicating the oppose meaning of the general usage. From Hacking-Lexicon

text

n. 1. [techspeak] Executable code, esp. a `pure code' portion shared between multiple instances of a program running in a multitasking OS. Compare English. 2. Textual material in the mainstream sense; data in ordinary ASCII or EBCDIC representation (see flat-ASCII). "Those are text files; you can review them using the editor." These two contradictory senses confuse hackers, too. From Jargon Dictionary

textchk

This package provides a text analysis system. Textchk is a text analysis system to check spelling and/or stylistic conventions. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

texteroids

test your mousing skills on spinning text From whatis

textutils

A set of GNU utilities for modifying the contents of files, including programs for splitting, joining, comparing, and modifying files. From Redhat 8.0 RPM

textutils

The GNU text file processing utilities. The utilities: cat cksum comm csplit cut expand fmt fold head join md5sum nl od paste pr ptx sort split sum tac tail tr tsort unexpand uniq wc. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

texutil

ConTeXt auxiliary program From whatis

tf

Tinyfugue MUD client for TinyMUDs, DikuMUDs, and LPMUDs TinyFugue (also known as "Fugue" or "TF") is a line-based client designed for connecting to MUD servers (note: LP, Diku, and other servers which use prompts require "/lp on"; see /help prompts). TinyFugue is larger than most MUD clients, but has many more features and is much more flexible. The goal is to provide the most functionality in a client that still maintains the user-friendliness of Tinytalk. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tfm-arphic-bkai00mp

Arphic "AR PL KaitiM Big5" TrueType font TeX font metric data This package contains the Arphic "AR PL KaitiM Big5" Chinese TrueType font TeX font metric data (TFM) files, which may be used with the cjk-latex package for doing typesetting. The TFM files are generated from bkai00mp.ttf using Werner Lemberg's ttf2tfm. *.enc font encoding vector files generated by ttf2pt1 are also included. This is to help pdflatex directly embed the TrueType font into PDF files. "AR PL KaitiM Big5" is a high-quality Chinese TrueType font (bkai00mp.ttf) generously provided by Arphic Technology to the Free Software community under the "Arphic Public License". Author: Arphic Technology Co., Ltd. URL: http://www.arphic.com.tw/ From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tfm-arphic-bsmi00lp

Arphic "AR PL Mingti2L Big5" TrueType font TeX font metric data This package contains the Arphic "AR PL Mingti2L Big5" Chinese TrueType font TeX font metric data (TFM) files, which may be used with the cjk-latex package for doing typesetting. The TFM files are generated from bsmi00lp.ttf using Werner Lemberg's ttf2tfm. *.enc font encoding vector files generated by ttf2pt1 are also included. This is to help pdflatex directly embed the TrueType font into PDF files. "AR PL Mingti2L Big5" is a high-quality Chinese TrueType font (bsmi00lp.ttf) generously provided by Arphic Technology to the Free Software community under the "Arphic Public License". Author: Arphic Technology Co., Ltd. URL: http://www.arphic.com.tw/ From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tfm-arphic-gbsn00lp

Arphic "AR PL SungtiL GB" TrueType font TeX font metric data This package contains the Arphic "AR PL SungtiL GB" Chinese TrueType font TeX font metric data (TFM) files, which may be used with the cjk-latex package for doing typesetting. The TFM files are generated from gbsn00lp.ttf using Werner Lemberg's ttf2tfm. *.enc font encoding vector files generated by ttf2pt1 are also included. This is to help pdflatex directly embed the TrueType font into PDF files. "AR PL SungtiL GB" is a high-quality Chinese TrueType font (gbsn00lp.ttf) generously provided by Arphic Technology to the Free Software community under the "Arphic Public License". Author: Arphic Technology Co., Ltd. URL: http://www.arphic.com.tw/ From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tfm-arphic-gkai00mp

Arphic "AR PL KaitiM GB" TrueType font TeX font metric data This package contains the Arphic "AR PL KaitiM GB" Chinese TrueType font TeX font metric data (TFM) files, which may be used with the cjk-latex package for doing typesetting. The TFM files are generated from gkai00mp.ttf using Werner Lemberg's ttf2tfm. *.enc font encoding vector files generated by ttf2pt1 are also included. This is to help pdflatex directly embed the TrueType font into PDF files. "AR PL KaitiM GB" is a high-quality Chinese TrueType font (gkai00mp.ttf) generously provided by Arphic Technology to the Free Software community under the "Arphic Public License". Author: Arphic Technology Co., Ltd. URL: http://www.arphic.com.tw/ From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tftopl

convert TeX font metric (tfm) files to property lists From whatis

tftp

Trivial file transfer program. Tftp is the user interface to the Internet TFTP (Trivial File Transfer Protocol), which allows users to transfer files to and from a remote machine. The remote host may be specified on the command line, in which case tftp uses host as the default host for future transfers. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tftp-server

The Trivial File Transfer Protocol (TFTP) is normally used only for booting diskless workstations. The tftp-server package provides the server for TFTP, which allows users to transfer files to and from a remote machine. TFTP provides very little security, and should not be enabled unless it is expressly needed. The TFTP server is run from/etc/xinetd.d/tftp, and is disabled by default on Red Hat Linuxsystems. From Redhat 8.0 RPM

tftpd

Internet trivial file transfer protocol server. Tftpd is a server which supports the Internet Trivial File Transfer Protocol (RFC 783). The TFTP server operates at the port indicated in the `tftp' service description; see services(5). The server is normally started by inetd(8). From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tgif

Interactive 2-D drawing facility under X11. Tgif has little to do with GIF files. It is a 2-D vector based drawing program which can produce output suitable for LaTeX or in PostScript. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

thai-system

A base package for Thai environment under X11 This package contains some experimental stuffs for Thai environment. User, however, needs to do some manual configurations to complete the installation. Guidance is provided in /usr/share/doc/thai-system. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

thailatex

Thai Latex package This package provides Thai language add-on for Latex. It is based on babel package which comes with tetex distribution. This package needs Thai words separator such as cttex and swath, in order for latex to be able to break sentences. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

the

Full-screen character mode text editor. THE (The Hessling Editor) is a text editor that uses both command line commands and key bindings to operate. It is intended to be similar to the VM/CMS System Product Editor, XEDIT and to KEDIT from Mansfield Software. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

theme-converters

Convert WindowMaker/GTK+/Sawmill theme packages to .debs This takes .tar.gz files from, for example, wm.themes.org or gtk.themes.orig, and converts them into .deb packages. The .deb packages it produces are acceptable for local use, but are not really policy-conformant, notably since they cannot reliably create a reasonable /usr/doc/<theme>/copyright file. Packages made using this package are named "wmaker-<foo>-theme" for WindowMaker themes and "gtk-<foo>-theme" for GTK themes etc. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

thoughttracker

A non-hierarchical, hyperlinked knowledge base. ThoughtTracker is a knowledge base application. Its purpose is to provide you with a searchable hyperlinked database of information and ideas. ThoughtTracker is localized for English, French, and German. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

threaded code

A technique for implementing virtual machine interpreters, introduced by J.R. Bell in 1973, where each op-code in the virtual machine instruction set is the address of some (lower level) code to perform the required operation. From Linux Guide @FirstLinux

thrust

a port of the classic Commodore 64 game The object of the game is to lift the Klystron Pod from the bottom of a cave and return it safely to space. The Pod is very heavy (compared to the ship) and this makes it tougher than it may seem. You must be careful not to run out of fuel, crash into the cave walls, or let the enemy artillery outposts shoot you down. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

thttpd

tiny/turbo/throttling HTTP server thttpd is a small, fast secure webserver. It features CGI support, URL-traffic-based throttling and basic authentication. thttpd has a very small memory footprint as it only forks itself in order to execute CGI scripts. It is designed to be as fast as fully featured web-servers and it performs extremely well under high load. According to the netcraft survey of April, thttpd is used by 365455 sites across the Internet. This package contains the thttpd server. For thttpd support programs see the thttpd-util package. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

thumbpdf

generate thumbnail images for a PDF file created with pdftex From whatis

tic

the terminfo entry-description compiler From whatis

ticker

configurable text scroller Ticker is a simple program to scroll text across a line of the display, in a manner similar to a stock ticker. In fact, since ticker supports communicating with a program that changes the text periodically, it could be used to implement a stock ticker. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tidev-modules-source

Sources for drivers for Texas Instruments calculators link cables This package will be useful to you if you own a Texas Instruments calculator and want to use one of the following link cables : o official "black cable" from Texas Instruments (BlackLink) o home-made serial link o home-made parallel cable o official GraphLink USB from Texas Instruments (SilverLink) This package contains the sources of the drivers, which you need to compile before using it. Please read /usr/share/doc/tidev-source/README.Debian for more informations on how to achieve that. You must have the parport driver built either in your kernel or as a module to use the tipar_dev driver. You need a kernel with the USB core to use the tiusb_dev driver. You'll also need a linking software such as TiLP to communicate with your calculator. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tidy

HTML syntax checker and reformatter Corrects markup in a way compliant with the latest standards, and optimal for the popular browsers. It has a comprehensive knowledge of the attributes defined in the HTML 4.0 recommendation from W3C, and understands the US ASCII, ISO Latin-1, UTF-8 and the ISO 2022 family of 7-bit encodings. In the output: * HTML entity names for characters are used when appropriate. * Missing attribute quotes are added, and mismatched quotes found. * Tags lacking a terminating '>' are spotted. * Proprietary elements are recognized and reported as such. * The page is reformatted, from a choice of indentation styles. Tidy is a product of the World Wide Web Consortium. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tie

merge or apply WEB change files From whatis

tiger

Report system security vulnerabilities TIGER, or the 'tiger' scripts, is a set of Bourne shell scripts, C programs and data files which are used to perform a security audit of UNIX systems. TIGER has one primary goal: report ways 'root' can be compromised. Debian's TIGER incorporates new checks primarily oriented towards Debian distribution including: md5sums checks of installed files, location of files not belonging to packages and check of security advisories. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tiger teams (sneakers)

A team of "white-hats" attack and secure systems. Some of these teams are given the task to penetrate the systems, other are just to review security procedures with an eye of how they might be penetrated. This is a favorite of government and paranoid organizations. Controversy: Tiger teams aren't afraid of prosecution and start with a greater degree of knowledge about the victim. Therefore, many people argue whether a successful penetration by a tiger team reflects a real-world scenario. For example, if you don't fear prosecution, then you might simply do a physical break-in. A physical break-in will always result in a successful "hack" because you can install keystroke loggers, password sniffers, or simply steal disk drives. Controversy: There are some cases where tiger teams have actually stolen sensitive information. History: This originally a military term, where teams would enter secure installations and leave behind notes like "bomb" or "theft" in sensitive areas to prove that they had been there, and that they could have left behind bombs or stolen secret plans. From Hacking-Lexicon

tightvnc

The enhanced version of VNC, called TightVNC (grown from the VNC TightEncoder project), which is optimized to work over slow networkconnections such as low-speed modem links. While original VNC may be very slow when your connection is not fast enough, with TightVNC you canwork remotely almost in real time in most environments. Besides bandwidth optimizations, TightVNC also includes many other improvements, optimizations and bugfixes over VNC. Note that TightVNC is free, cross-platform and compatible with the standard VNC. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM

tik

Tcl/Tk client for the AOL Instant Messenger service From the TiK homepage (http://www.aim.aol.com/tik/): TiK is a pure Tcl/Tk 8.1 version of AOL Instant Messenger (AIM). The TiK client began its life as a scaled down version of the native Windows and Macintosh clients. However, TiK now has most of the features the native clients have, plus some extras. TiK includes a graphical buddy list display plus packages for away messages, buddy pounce, buddy ticker, and im capturing. It is very easy for end users to add new features to TiK, using Tcl/Tk. TiK is meant to give UNIX users an alternative to the Java client. This release of TiK requires Tcl/Tk 8.1 or greater, unlike the previous releases, which only required 8.0 or greater. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tilp

A TI calculator <-> PC communication program for X TiLP is a Texas Instruments calculator <-> PC communication program for Linux. It is able to use any type of link, like the original TI GRAPH-LINK (both black and grey cables), the homemade "$4 serial link", or the "$5 parallel link". It even supports the new TI GraphLink USB, using the tiglusb kernel module. See http://lpg.ticalc.org/. With TiLP, you can transfer files from your PC to your Texas Instruments calculator, and vice-versa. You can also make a screen dump, a backup, transfer a backup to the calculator, or take control of your TI from your PC, or even install a new version of AMS on your calc ! You might be interested in the tidev-modules-source package which allows you to build a set of three kernel modules. These modules are three drivers for different link cables (serial, parallel, USB) which require running TiLP with root privileges. With these modules loaded and the appropriate rights on the device nodes, this won't be necessary. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

time

The GNU time command. The `time' command runs another program, then displays information about the resources used by that program, collected by the system while the program was running. You can select which information is reported and the format in which it is shown, or have `time' save the information in a file instead of display it on the screen. The resources that `time' can report on fall into the general categories of time, memory, I/O, and IPC calls. The GNU version can format the output in arbitrary ways by using a printf-style format string to include various resource measurements. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

time

The GNU time utility runs another program, collects information about the resources used by that program while it is running and displays the results. Time can help developers optimize their programs. The resources that `time' can report on fall into the general categories of time, memory, I/O, and IPC calls. The GNU version can format the output in arbitrary ways by using a printf-style format string to include various resource measurements. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM

time

get time in seconds From whatis

time-sharing

A method of rotating processes that allows more than one user to have access to a computer system simultaneously. Each process is allocated a small segment of time in succession so that each user appears to have the computer to himself or hersel. From Linux Guide @FirstLinux

timeconfig

The timeconfig package contains two utilities: timeconfig and setclock. Timeconfig provides a simple text mode tool for configuring the time parameters in /etc/sysconfig/clock and /etc/localtime. The set clock tool sets the hardware clock on the system to the current time stored in the system clock. From Redhat 8.0 RPM

timeout

Run a command with a time limit. timeout executes a command and imposes an elapsed time limit. When the time limit is reached, timeout sends a predefined signal to the target process. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

timeoutd

Flexible user timeout daemon timeoutd enforces the time restrictions specified in /etc/timeouts. When invoked in daemon mode (without any parameters) timeoutd backgrounds itself, then scans /var/run/utmp every minute and checks /etc/timeouts for an entry which matches that user, based on: - The current day and time" - The tty that the user is currently logged in on" - The user's login ID" - Any primary or secondary groups the user is in" Written by Shane Alderton <[email protected]> From Debian 3.0r0 APT

timezone

These are configuration files that describe possible time zones. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM

timezoneconf

Set system timezone, date, and time Ths timezoneconf program is a debconf-based utility to allow you to set your system's timezone, its system date, and the system time. Licensed under the GPL. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

timidity

MIDI to WAV converter and player From whatis

timidity

Software-only MIDI sequencer. A software-only MIDI sequencer. Uses GUS-compatible MIDI patch files to either play MIDI scores in real time or to convert them into .wav files. Requires no hardware specific MIDI support. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tin

A full-screen easy to use Usenet newsreader. tin can read news locally (i.e. from /var/spool/news) or remotely (rtin or tin -r option) via a NNTP (Network News Transport Protocol) server. It will automatically utilize NOV (News OVerview) style index files if available locally or via the NNTP XOVER command. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tina

A curses personal information manager. Tina is a personal information manager with a curses interface. It allows the user to categorize short text items and to display the items in a particular category. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tinc

Virtual Private Network daemon tinc is a daemon with which you can create a virtual private network (VPN). One daemon can handle multiple connections, so you can create an entire (moderately sized) VPN with only one daemon per participating computer. You need to have two kernel modules installed, on a Debian system they should already be there. If they are not, the manual will explain you how to do that. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tint

TINT Is Not Tetris(tm) ...at least the name isn't (: As the title suggests, this is a clone of the original tetris game written by Alexey Pajitnov, Dmitry Pavlovsky, and Vadim Gerasimov. I've tried to keep the game as close to the original as possible, but there is a few differences. Nevertheless, it's probably the closest to the original that you'll ever find in the UNIX world... From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tintin++

Classic text-based MUD client Tintin++ is telnet client specialized to play MUDs (Multi-User Dungeons). It has scripting support, tab-completion, internal chat, and takes advantage of the GNU readline library. You can find a complete set of commands and features in the Tintin++ manual, in /usr/share/doc/tintin++. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tinyirc

A _Tiny_ IRC Client A tiny, stripped down IRC Client. Doesn't have most of the more advance commands in the ircII family of IRC Clients, nor does it have any color, but it works, and its tiny. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tinyproxy

A lightweight, non-caching, optionally anonymizing http proxy An anonymizing http proxy which is very light on system resources, ideal for smaller networks and similar situations where other proxies (such as Squid) may be overkill and/or a security risk. Tinyproxy can also be configured to anonymize http requests (allowing for exceptions on a per-header basis). From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tiobench

Threaded I/O bench for Linux Tiobench is a file system benchmark especially designed to test I/O performance with multiple running threads. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tipa

System for processing phonetic symbols in LaTeX TIPA is a system for processing IPA (International Phonetic Alphabet) symbols in LaTeX written by Fukui Rei. TIPA stands for either TeX IPA or Tokyo IPA and derived from the tsipa package, made in 1992 by Kobayashi Hajime, Fukui Rei and Shirakawa Shun. Among many features of TIPA, the following are the new features as compared with tsipa or any other existing systems for processing IPA symbols: * A new 256 character encoding for phonetic symbols (`T3'), which includes all the symbols and diacritics found in the recent versions of IPA and some non-IPA symbols. * Complete support of LaTeX2e. * Roman, slanted, bold, bold extended and sans serif font styles. * Easy input method in the IPA environment. * Extended macros for accents and diacritics. * A flexible system of macros for `tone letters'. * An optional package (vowel.sty) for drawing vowel diagrams. * A slightly modified set of fonts that go well when used with Times Roman and Helvetica fonts. Type 1 fonts for TIPA are also included in this package. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tipptrainer

(unknown) From whatis

tipptrainer

A program to learn touch typing This program was developed by the Tipptrainer Team <[email protected]> who belong to the PingoS project (see http://www.pingos.schulnetz.org/) to teach children how to type computer keyboards. Languages German and English available. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tirc

token's irc client Features: vi-like editor line and general usage, comfortable backscroll buffers with regex search mechanism in multiple screen regions, multiple pages that contain window regions, nickname completion, etc. TIRC doesn't have a scripting language. It is the author's belief that scripting languages do more harm by abuse than they're useful. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

titrax

A program to keep track of time. It puts up a list of projects, and the number of minutes worked on each. You click on the project you want to work on, and it starts counting on that. At the end of the day, it saves the collected data in a file, and you can use a script to process the data. "sumtitra" is one possible such script. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tix41

The Tix library for Tk, version 4.1 -- runtime package The Tix library for Tk extends Tk with new widgets like: o panned windows, o hierarchical lists, o folders, o combo boxes, o help balloons, o and many others. The Tix look and feel is really good. Additionally, Tix eases construction of mega-widget and has a full-fledged C interface as well. Version 4.1 adds even more widgets. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tixwish

Windowing shell for interpreting Tix commands. ' From whatis

tixwish4.1

Windowing shell for interpreting Tix commands. ' From whatis

tk

Tk is a X Windows widget set designed to work closely with the tcl scripting language. It allows you to write simple programs with full featured GUI's in only a little more time then it takes to write atext based interface. Tcl/Tk applications can also be run on Windows and Macintosh platforms. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM

tkchooser

modular X Windows System network browser. Tkchooser is an interpreted, modular, extensible network browsing utility for X windows designed after the Macintosh Chooser. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tkcvs

A graphical front-end to CVS TkCVS is a Tk based graphical interface to the CVS configuration management system. It includes facilities for providing "user friendly" names to modules and directories within the repository, and provides a facility to interactively browse the repository looking for modules and directories. Some of the features of TkCVS include: File and directory browser, with optional display of hidden files, and display of the current directory's location within the CVS tree. Push-button based check-in / check-out of CVS modules. Ability to add and delete files from the repository also using push buttons. Module tree browser, and reports showing the structure of the CVS modules tree. Individual modules or entire directory trees may be checked out using the browser. Updating of files from the repository when they change. Tagging and branching of files from the file browser, and tagging and branching of modules from the module browser. Exporting a CVS module or directory from the repository for delivery off-site. Creation of patch files between two releases of a module, or between a release and the current (head) version. Viewing of diff and status listings for currently checked out modules. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tkdesk

Tk/tcl based X11 Desktop/File manager TkDesk is a graphical file manager for Unix (esp. Linux) and the X Window System. Compared with other file managers available, it offers the most complete set of file operations and services, plus gives the user the ability to configure most every aspect of TkDesk in a powerful way. TkDesk has been influenced by various other systems and file managers, such as NeXT, for laying out the file browser windows, Apple Finder, for the idea of file annotations and, shock horror, Windows 95, for some other inspirations. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tkdiff

A graphical "diff" utility. TkDiff is a graphical front-end for the standard Unix 'diff' utility. Its features include highlighted difference regions (with a quick overview/navigation bar) and linked scrolling of files. It provides file-merge and change-summary facilities, line number toggling (for easier cut & paste) and support for RCS/CVS/SCCS. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tkdvi

A TeX DVI previewer based on Tcl/Tk This program lets you look at the DVI files output by TeX. It is similar in spirit to xdvi but offers a richer user interface as well as some convenient features such as the possibility to look at `spreads' of two adjacent pages as well as a 4x4 page `overview'. This program is still in alpha test, which means that some important functionality like the ability to show included graphics is still missing, but it is quite usable as it is. Please report bugs or suggestions. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tkfont

A different xfontsel for displaying fonts. Tkfont allows you to view the various fonts in X11. It displays a list of fonts, you can then pick which one to display. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tkgate

Event driven digital circuit simulator with Tcl/Tk TkGate is a event driven digital circuit simulator with a Tcl/Tk-based graphical editor. TkGate supports a wide range of primitive circuit elements as well as user-defined modules for hierarchical design. The distribution comes with a number of tutorial and example circuits which can be loaded through the "Help" menu. The example circuits include a simple CPU, programmed to run the Animals game. For more information, check out the online documentation at http://www-2.cs.cmu.edu/~hansen/tkgate/ From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tkhylafax

tk interface to hylafax tkhylafax offers the following features: o Batching fax destinations o Builtin fax number database o Fast cover sheet generation o Cover sheet preview o Cover sheet ONLY transmission option o Directory browser o Fax job dequeuing made easier o Fax job scheduling made easier o Highly configurable From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tkinfo

tk/tcl info browser TkInfo is a tk script to read GNU "info" files and display them. TkInfo can be used stand alone (via WISH), or embedded within an application to provide integrated, on-line help. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tkinter

The Tkinter (Tk interface) program is an graphical user interface for the Python scripting language. You should install the tkinter package if you'd like to use a graphical user interface for Python programming. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM

tkirc

Tcl/Tk based client to the Internet Relay Chat tkirc is a frontend for unix's ircII (shell-client for the Internet Relay Chat) based on Tcl/Tk. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tkisem

Graphical SPARC emulator Instructional SPARC Emulator using tk. This SPARC CPU simulator has nice graphics, and is very good for learning assembly language programming. Particularly suited to the textbook "Computer Systems: Architecture, Organization, and Programming" by Arthur Maccabe. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tkmail

X Window System mail reader using Tcl/Tk This is an X Window System interface to mail built using Tcl/Tk. Reading, sending, and managing mail messages can almost all be done using only the mouse (except for the body of the message, of course). TkMail writes its folders in the format of the standard unix 'mail' command. It also uses 'sendmail' commands to do the mail delivery work. Major Features: - listbox interface to messages for easy click and read - multiple viewers can be opened on different or the same folder - dynamic (at startup) menus for quick access to mail folders for reading, copying, and moving messages - button bar for quick composing, replying to, and forwarding of mail messages - built in 'biff' icon for notification of new mail on multiple folders - easy inclusion of files into message compositions with automatic uuencoding and compression, if desired - access alternate editor for compositions to send - spell check compositions using a X windows interface - reads aliases from either standard .mailrc or elm aliases.txt - easy piping of message text through unix filters - emacs-like key-bindings for text editing - emacs-like autosave - sorting of messages on any field and the ability to write out the folder physically in that order From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tkman

A graphical, hypertext manual page and Texinfo browser TkMan is a graphical, hypertext manual page and Texinfo browser for UNIX. TkMan boasts hypertext links, (optional) outline view of pages with a novel information visualization mechanism called Notemarks, high quality display and unique interface to Texinfo documents, full text search among man pages, incremental and regular expression search within pages, robust yellow highlight annotations, a shortcut/hot list, lists of all pages in user configurable volumes, a comprehensive Preferences panel, man page versioning support, and unmatched online text formatting and display quality, among many other features. More information about TkMan can be found at http://tkman.sourceforge.net From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tkmib

NET SNMP (Simple Network Management Protocol) MIB Browser. The NET SNMP MIB Browser allows querying the NET and other SNMP agents. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tkmixer

An audio mixer with Tk interface This is a compact audio mixer for X windows featuring nice Tk interface, equipped with slidebars, mute buttons, and a configuration facility. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tkpaint

Versatile bitmap/pixmap editing tool Tkpaint is an easy to use graphics utility based on the canvas widget of Tcl/Tk. It can be very useful for drawing simple to complex figures, slide presentations, graphs, and diagrams that involve geometrical shapes, arrows, text, and colors. It is also possible to insert bitmaps and gif/ppm/pgm images. There is a large variety of operations that can be performed on a group of objects: scaling, rotation, relocation, reflection, and deformation with respect to inclination. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tkpgp

Tcl/Tk script that serves as a GUI shell for PGP or GnuPG. TkPGP intends to completely eliminate need to access command- line interface of PGP for UNIX. Currently most of casual activity such as signing, encrypting and decrypting is done in GUI. Key management remains a domain of command line for the time being. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tkping

Perl/Tk app. - Monitor hosts on network tkping is intended primarily for system administrators and network administrators who need to detect when crucial hosts and other network nodes go down. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tkps

X-based process management tool similar to 'top' An X-based process management tool which generates output using ps and displays it using Tcl/Tk From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tkrat

Tk based MUA TkRat is a graphical Mail User Agent (MUA) which handles MIME. It is mainly written in C but the user interface is done in tcl/tk. The program currently understands unix mailboxes, POP, IMAP and mh folders. Messages are sent via SMTP or any user configured program (for example sendmail). From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tkseti

GUI front-end to the [email protected] client for UNIX. TkSETI is a customizable frontend for the SETI (Search for Extra-Terrestrial Intelligence) client called [email protected] You will need to install the debian installation wrapper package setiathome for the [email protected] client. TkSETI lets you monitor, start or stop the setiathome client, display statistics of how many SETI work units you helped process, among many other cool features. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tksmb

SMB (Samba and Windows) network browser This program provides you a graphical interface for browsing Windows networks. TkSmb does this by being a graphical wrapper around Samba's smbclient program. Using this program you can easily access different workgroups, hosts, and shares on it, mount this shares. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tktable

Table extension for Tcl/Tk Provides tables and matrices in Tcl/Tk From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tkusr

X11 tool to manage the Self-mode of USR/3COM Message modems. TkUsr is a small program that allows you to manage the Self-mode of USR/3COM Message (Plus), Professional Message modems. It features an intelligent retrieving of data with a cache system to speed up the download. So you do not have to download the full memory to get only one fax. It should be multi-platform as it is written in Tcl/Tk. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tkvnc

Displays a list of (defined) machines to start VNC to. A basic wrapper that calls xvncviewer on a machine when requested. Unless the author beats me to it, I intend to add better password handling. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tkworld

a GUI to shell commands Wes's Own Real Lazy Desktop According to the README file: "The mission of tkWorld is to provide GUIs to the standard Unix utilities. All applications will have a standard look and feel, as well as provide point and click access to common command line options. Providing a common Application Interface will help beginners learn Unix, while giving advanced users easy access to the options they already know." From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tkx8.2

Extended Tcl (TclX) version 8.2.0 -- TkX runtime package Extended Tcl (TclX), is a set of extensions to Tcl, the Tool Command Language invented by Dr. John Ousterhout. Tcl is a powerful, yet simple embeddable programming language. Extended Tcl is oriented towards system programming tasks and large application development. This package contains the TclX programs and libraries depending on Tk. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tkx8.3

Extended Tcl (TclX) version 8.3.0 -- TkX runtime package Extended Tcl (TclX), is a set of extensions to Tcl, the Tool Command Language invented by Dr. John Ousterhout. Tcl is a powerful, yet simple embeddable programming language. Extended Tcl is oriented towards system programming tasks and large application development. This package contains the TclX programs and libraries depending on Tk. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tkxplanet

render an image of a planet into an X window From whatis

tleds

Blinks keyboard LEDs indicating TX and RX network packets. These programs help you monitor network traffic. They blink Scroll-Lock LED (Light Emitting Diode) when a network packet leaves the machine, and Num-Lock LED when one is received. WARNING: On some systems this has been known to render part or all of the keyboard unusable, this is rare and usually only happens on a few laptops and keyboards with overly long or old cables.. (This includes the IBM thinkpad 600 laptop, and the HP Omnibook XE2) From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tload

graphic representation of system load average From whatis

tmail

Mail Delivery Module From whatis

tmake

a cross-platform makefile tool tmake is an easy-to-use tool from Trolltech to create and maintain makefiles for software projects. It can be a painful task to manage makefiles manually, especially if you develop for more than one platform or use more than one compiler. tmake automates and streamlines this process and lets you spend your valuable time on writing code, not makefiles. tmake is mainly used to generate makefiles for applications that use the Qt toolkit. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tmda

Tagged Message Delivery Agent TMDA is an OSI certified software application designed to significantly reduce (or eliminate) the amount of SPAM/UCE (junk-mail) you receive by using unique, cryptographically enhanced (tagged) e-mail addresses. TMDA can both filter your incoming e-mail, and tag your outgoing address. TMDA was originally based upon a Perl script written by Thomas Erskine called Tagged Message Sender (TMS), but has since evolved into a significantly larger and more featureful application. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tmdns

Tmdns is tiny/trivial Multicast DNS Responder for Linux. It should allow you to take part in a zeroconf environment. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM

tmpreaper

Cleans up files in directories based on their age This package provides a program that can be used to clean out temporary-file directories. It recursively searches the directory, refusing to chdir() across symlinks, and removes files that haven't been accessed in a user-specified amount of time. You can specify a set of files to protect from deletion with a shell pattern. It will not remove files owned by the process EUID that have the `w' bit clear, unless you ask it to, much like `rm -f'. `tmpreaper' will not remove symlinks, sockets, fifos, or special files unless given a command line option enabling it to. WARNING: Please do not run `tmpreaper' on `/'. There are no protections against this written into the program, as that would prevent it from functioning the way you'd expect it to in a `chroot(8)' environment. The daily tmpreaper run can be configured through /etc/tmpreaper.conf . From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tmpwatch

The tmpwatch utility recursively searches through specified directories and removes files which have not been accessed in a specified period of time. Tmpwatch is normally used to clean up directories which are used for temporarily holding files (for example, /tmp). Tmpwatch ignores symlinks, won't switch filesystems and only removes empty directories and regular files. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM

tn5250

5250 telnet emulator for accessing an IBM AS/400 tn5250 connects to an IBM AS/400 and emulates a 5250-compatible terminal or printer. It runs on the linux console, in an xterm, or on any other character terminal. You should install xterm to use the xt5250 script. If you don't know what an AS/400 is, you don't need this package. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tnef

Tool to unpack MIME application/ms-tnef attachments The TNEF program allows one to unpack the attachments which were encapsulated into the TNEF attachment. Thus alleviating the need to use Microsoft Outlook to view the attachment From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tob

Small yet powerful program for tape oriented backups. tob is a simple yet configurable shell-script which, given a set of `volume definitions', runs tar or afio based backups, either for use with tape drives or floppy disks. You could also mount and unmount partitions for backups in the pre- and post-commands. tob is a general driver for the making and maintaining of backups. It makes full backups, differential backups (of the files which were changed since the last full backup), incremental backups (of files changed since all previous backups), lets you determine the size of the backup before actually making it, maintain listings of made backups, make remote backups and possibly more. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tochnog

A free implicit/explicit finite element analysis program Tochnog is a program for finite element analysis. Multithreading and multiprocessor systems are supported. Here is a partial list of models supported: * Differential equations (materials). * Convection-diffusion equations, * Stokes and Navier-Stokes, * Elasticity (isotropy and transverse isotropy), * Plasticity (Von-Mises, Mohr-Coulomb, Gurson, etc.; plasticity surfaces can be arbitrarily combined). Residues in equations and error estimates for all data can be printed/plotted. Main Author: Dennis Roddeman <[email protected]> Home Page: http://tochnog.sourceforge.net/ From Debian 3.0r0 APT

todos

Converts text files between DOS and Unix formats. From whatis

toe

table of (terminfo) entries From whatis

toggle

vt. To change a bit from whatever state it is in to the other state; to change from 1 to 0 or from 0 to 1. This comes from `toggle switches', such as standard light switches, though the word `toggle' actually refers to the mechanism that keeps the switch in the position to which it is flipped rather than to the fact that the switch has two positions. There are four things you can do to a bit: set it (force it to be 1), clear (or zero) it, leave it alone, or toggle it. (Mathematically, one would say that there are four distinct boolean-valued functions of one boolean argument, but saying that is much less fun than talking about toggling bits.) From Jargon Dictionary

tomcat

Java Servlet 2.2 engine with JSP 1.1 support Jakarta-Tomcat is the reference implementation for the Java Servlet 2.2 and JavaServer Pages (JSP) 1.1 specification from the Apache Jakarta project. For more information about Tomcat please take a look at the Tomcat home page at http://jakarta.apache.org/tomcat/index.html. The official Servlet 2.2 and JSP 1.1 specifications can be found at http://java.sun.com/products/servlets and http://java.sun.com/products/jsp. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tomcat4

Java Servlet 2.3 engine with JSP 1.2 support Jakarta-Tomcat 4.0 is the reference implementation for the Java Servlet 2.3 and JavaServer Pages (JSP) 1.2 specification from the Apache Jakarta project. This package just contains the startup scripts for Tomcat 4.0. No documenation or web applications (webapps) are included here, please install the tomcat4-webapps package if you want them. For more information about Tomcat please take a look at the Tomcat home page at http://jakarta.apache.org/tomcat/index.html. The official Servlet 2.3 and JSP 1.2 specifications can be found at http://java.sun.com/products/servlet/ and http://java.sun.com/products/jsp/ From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tomcat4-webapps

Java Servlet engine -- documentation and example web applications Jakarta-Tomcat 4.0 is the reference implementation for the Java Servlet 2.3 and JavaServer Pages (JSP) 1.2 specification from the Apache Jakarta project. This package contains the HTML documentation and some web applications (webapps) that were bundled with Tomcat 4.0: * examples: Example servlets and JSP pages with source code * manager: A Web admin interface for Tomcat * tomcat-docs: HTML documentation for Tomcat * webdav: WebDAV access to local files (e.g. using cadaver) For more information about Tomcat please take a look at the Tomcat home page at http://jakarta.apache.org/tomcat/index.html. The official Servlet 2.3 and JSP 1.2 specifications can be found at http://java.sun.com/products/servlet/ and http://java.sun.com/products/jsp/ From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tool

1. n. A program used primarily to create, manipulate, modify, or analyze other programs, such as a compiler or an editor or a cross-referencing program. Oppose app, operating system. 2. [Unix] An application program with a simple, `transparent' (typically text-stream) interface designed specifically to be used in programmed combination with other tools (see filter, plumbing). 3. [MIT: general to students there] vi. To work; to study (connotes tedium). The TMRC Dictionary defined this as "to set one's brain to the grindstone". See hack. 4. n. [MIT] A student who studies too much and hacks too little. (MIT's student humor magazine rejoices in the name "Tool and Die".) From Jargon Dictionary

toolame

MPEG-1 layer 2 audio encoder toolame is a very fast (6x realtime on a 550mhz celeron) MPEG-1 layer 2 audio encoder with a command-line syntax nearly identical to that of the lame MPEG-1 layer 3 audio encoder. Because of patent issues surrounding the layer 3 encoder, the ability of most mpeg audio players to play layer 2 files, and the similarity in command-line syntax, toolame makes a very good drop-in replacement for lame or other layer 3 encoders under most circumstances. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

toolbar-fancy

Fancy toolbar for XEmacs21 This package Provides color toolbar for XEmacs21. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

toolchain-source

The GNU binutils and gcc source code This is the GNU toolchain source code that can be used to produce the GNU compilers, assembler, linker, and binary utilities. It is used by the different cross-compiler packages so that this source code does not need to be duplicated in all of them. You might also use this package to compile your own version of the toolchain if you need some special compile-time options applied. This package also contains two scripts, tpkg-make and tpkg-update, to automatically create and update crosscompiler-packages for any target architecture supported upstream. They are described in /usr/share/doc/toolchain-source/README. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

toolsmith

n. The software equivalent of a tool-and-die specialist; one who specializes in making the tools with which other programmers create applications. Many hackers consider this more fun than applications per se; to understand why, see uninteresting. Jon Bentley, in the "Bumper-Sticker Computer Science" chapter of his book "More Programming Pearls", quotes Dick Sites from DEC as saying "I'd rather write programs to write programs than write programs". From Jargon Dictionary

toor

n. The Bourne-Again Super-user. An alternate account with UID of 0, created on Unix machines where the root user has an inconvenient choice of shell. Compare avatar. From Jargon Dictionary

top

display top CPU processes From whatis

toppler

A clone of the "Nebulous" game on old 8 and 16 bit machines. Toppler is an almost complete reimplementation of the old game known as Tower Toppler or Nebulous. The target of the game is to reach the target door of each of the 8 towers in currently 2 missions with this little green animal. This door is usually at the very top of the tower. But finding the way by using elevators and walking through a maze of doors and platforms is not the only problem you have to solve. There are a bunch of other creatures living on the tower that will hinder you to reach your target by pushing you over the edge of the platforms. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tora

A graphical toolkit for database developers and administrators. Tora features a schema browser, SQL worksheet, PL/SQL editor & debugger, storage manager, rollback segment monitor, instance manager, and SQL output viewer. Via qt3 it can access PostgreSQL and MySQL directly. Any other database systems can be accessed via ODBC. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

toshset

Access much of the Toshiba laptop hardware interface. Toshset ia a command-line tool to allow access to much of the Toshiba laptop hardware interface developed by Jonathan Buzzard. It can do things like set the hard drive spin-down time, turn off the display and set the fan speed without the help of the kernel. The difference to toshutils is, that it does not need X or kernel-support. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

toshutils

Toshiba laptop utilities This is a collection of utilities to control a Toshiba laptop. It includes programs to turn the fan on and off, to view the power mode, and to set the supervisor password. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

touch

change file timestamps From whatis

touch

change file timestamps From whatis

touch

changes the access and/or modification timestamps of each specified file. These timestamps are changed to the current time, unless the -r option is specified, in which case they are changed to the corresponding timestamps of the file ref_file, or the -t option is specified, in which case they are changed to the specified time. From Linux Guide @FirstLinux

tpconfig

A program to configure touchpad devices. This program can show or modify the configuration of several different kinds of touchpad devices, including the Synaptics TouchPad and the ALPS Glidepad/Stickpointer. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tpctl

ThinkPad configuration tools for Linux This package contains programs for configuring IBM ThinkPad laptop computers. The tpctl program, along with its ncurses variant ntpctl, does under Linux some of the things that PS2.EXE does under DOS and the ThinkPad Configuration program does under Windows. The apmiser daemon is an intelligent power expenditure controller. Most programs in the package require a thinkpad-modules package compatible with the kernel you are running. If there is no such package in the Debian archive, you can build one from the thinkpad-source package using the make-kpkg utility. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tput

initialize a terminal or query terminfo database From whatis

tr

translate or delete characters From whatis

traceroute

Traceroute is a command built into most systems that traces the path through the Internet between two points (on Windows, it is known as "tracert"). Every IP packet on the Internet has a Time-to-Live field. Each router subtracts one from this field when it forwards the packet. This was designed to solve the problem of "routing loops": routers get confused as to the proper network topology and end up routing packets in an infinite loop. The TTL field guarantees that these packets will eventually die on their own accord. When a packet dies in this fashion, the last router to see the packet sends a diagnostic message back to the sender informing of this fact. Consequently (and this is the genius part), you can purposely create small TTLs that are guaranteed to kill the packet. You set the TTL field first to 1, causing the first router to drop it and inform you. You set the TTL field to 2, causing the second router to drop it. You do this for all TTL values, getting back a notification from each router in the network, thus mapping the route between two points. From Hacking-Lexicon

traceroute

Traces the route taken by packets over a TCP/IP network. The traceroute utility displays the route used by IP packets on their way to a specified network (or Internet) host. Traceroute displays the IP number and host name (if possible) of the machines along the route taken by the packets. Traceroute is used as a network debugging tool. If you're having network connectivity problems, traceroute will show you where the trouble is coming from along the route. Install traceroute if you need a tool for diagnosing network connectivity problems. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

traceroute

provides information concerning the route which packets must take to get from your computer (the server in this case) to a remote computer/server; typically used to diagnose possible problems in packet routing. From Linux Guide @FirstLinux

traceroute-nanog

NANOG traceroute This is the traceroute program maintained by Ehud Gavron at aces.com. It is based on the Van Jacobson/BSD traceroute and has additional features like AS lookup, TOS support, microsecond timestamps, path MTU discovery, parallel probing and others. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

traffic shaper

a virtual network device that makes it possible to limit the rate of outgoing data flow over another network device. This is specially useful in scenarios (as ISP's), in which it is desirable to control and enforce policies regarding how much bandwidth is used by each client. From Linux Guide @FirstLinux

trafstats

gather and store traffic information into an SQL database. This program uses the Packet CAPture library libpcap to gather network traffic data and then stores it in a PostgreSQL database. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tramp

Remote file access in emacs. TRAMP stands for `Transparent Remote (file) Access, Multiple Protocol'. This package provides remote file editing, similar to ange-ftp and EFS. The syntax is a bit different though (the brackets must be there): /[host]dir or /[method/host]dir The other difference is that ange-ftp uses FTP to transfer files between the local and the remote host, whereas TRAMP uses a combination of rsh and rcp or other work-alike programs, such as ssh/scp. A emacs elisp tool to edit files on remote host using telnet, rsh, scp, ssh and more. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

trans-de-en

A German-English translation dictionary A German-English dictionary with ca. 124,000 entries. This dictionary was designed for the "ding" dictionary lookup program, but may be used by other clients, too. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

transcalc

microwave and RF transmission line calculator Transcalc is an analysis and synthesis tool for calculating the electrical and physical properties of different kinds of RF and microwave transmission lines. Transcalc is built using the GIMP toolkit (GTK) for its GUI interface. For each type of transmission line, using dialog boxes, you can enter values for the various parameters, and either calculate its electrical properties (analyze), or use the given electrical requirements to sythesize physical parameters of the required transmission line. Available transmission lines (this list will expand with subsequent releases): Microstrip, Rectangular Waveguide. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

transcriber

Transcribe speech data using an integrated editor. Transcriber is a Tcl/tk tool, that enables easy transcription of recorded speech. It indispensable for every task that involves examination and transcription of audio files, like transcription of recorded interviews, song lyrics, radio shows and so on. It is also useful if you are active in the field of speech research. The snack library (included in contrib in transcriber-1.2) is now a separate package. This package still includes html_library-0.3. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

transfig

Utilities for printing figures from xfig. transfig also contains utilities for converting xfig figures to be used in LaTeX files. Note: transfig requires netpbm-nonfree be installed for gif support. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

transformiix

An XSLT processor TransforMiiX is a fast standalone XSLT processor. It aims to be fully XSLT 1.0 compliant, although it hasn't achived that goal yet. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

translate

translates given words from english to german or vice versa It looks up a word in a file with language-to-language translations (field separator should be \" :: \") and maintains local dictionaries. So it should be easy to add more languages, if you have such a dictionary. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

translate-docformat

any-to-any document translation system This is a command-line front end to many document format translation programs to facilitate the translation of documents from one format to another. Currently it supports major formats like the docbook, linuxdoc, debiandoc, and TeX, translating to HTML and ps and text. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

transproxy

Transparent Proxy Daemon for HTTP requests The program is used in conjunction with the Linux Transparent Proxy networking feature, and ipfwadm, to transparently proxy HTTP and other requests. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

trap

1. n. A program interrupt, usually an interrupt caused by some exceptional situation in the user program. In most cases, the OS performs some action, then returns control to the program. 2. vi. To cause a trap. "These instructions trap to the monitor." Also used transitively to indicate the cause of the trap. "The monitor traps all input/output instructions." This term is associated with assembler programming (`interrupt' or `exception' is more common among HLL programmers) and appears to be fading into history among programmers as the role of assembler continues to shrink. However, it is still important to computer architects and systems hackers (see system, sense 1), who use it to distinguish deterministically repeatable exceptions from timing-dependent ones (such as I/O interrupts). From Jargon Dictionary

trap door

n. (alt. `trapdoor') 1. Syn. back door -- a Bad Thing. 2. [techspeak] A `trap-door function' is one which is easy to compute but very difficult to compute the inverse of. Such functions are Good Things with important applications in cryptography, specifically in the construction of public-key cryptosystems. From Jargon Dictionary

trap-door

A synonym for the term back-door. The word trap-door often has some specific connotations. It often means a tiny piece of code left behind in the system that will allow the original programmer back in. Also, the trap-door one-way function is one where the function can be reversed the other-way if some small piece of information is given. From Hacking-Lexicon

trash

vt. To destroy the contents of (said of a data structure). The most common of the family of near-synonyms including mung, mangle, and scribble. From Jargon Dictionary

tree

displays directory tree, in color Displays an indented directory tree, using the same color assignments as ls, via the LS_COLORS environment variable. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tree-puzzle

[Biology] Reconstruction of phylogenetic trees by maximum likelihood TREE-PUZZLE (the new name for PUZZLE) is an interactive console program that implements a fast tree search algorithm, quartet puzzling, that allows analysis of large data sets and automatically assigns estimations of support to each internal branch. TREE-PUZZLE also computes pairwise maximum likelihood distances as well as branch lengths for user specified trees. Branch lengths can also be calculated under the clock-assumption. In addition, TREE-PUZZLE offers a novel method, likelihood mapping, to investigate the support of a hypothesized internal branch without computing an overall tree and to visualize the phylogenetic content of a sequence alignment. URL: http://www.tree-puzzle.de From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tripwire

Tripwire is a tool that detects when files have been altered by regularly recalculating hashes of them and storing the hashes in a secure location. The product triggers when changes to the files have been detected. By using cryptographic hashes, tripwire is often able to detect subtle changes. Contrast: The simplistic form of tripwire is to check file size and last modification time. However, programs that change files (like viruses) will often keep these the same. On the other hand, keeping complete backups would require too much space. Therefore, cryptographic hashes are used. Contrast: The cryptographic hash calculated from the file is often known as a "fingerprint" or "signature". However, these terms have completely different meanings in other areas of security, so some people just say "hash" or "checksum". History: The original tool was published in 1992 for Unix. The company Tripwire Inc. was formed in 1998. Point: Reasons why files change: Replace common system programs with duplicates contains backdoors. Change configuration files to allow intruder back into the system. Alter system logfiles in order to cover tracks. Alter data files (such as financial records or school grades). From Hacking-Lexicon

troff

/T'rof/ or /trof/ n. [Unix] The gray eminence of Unix text processing; a formatting and phototypesetting program, written originally in PDP-11 assembler and then in barely-structured early C by the late Joseph Ossanna, modeled after the earlier ROFF which was in turn modeled after the Multics and CTSS program RUNOFF by Jerome Saltzer (that name came from the expression "to run off a copy"). A companion program, nroff, formats output for terminals and line printers. In 1979, Brian Kernighan modified troff so that it could drive phototypesetters other than the Graphic Systems CAT. His paper describing that work ("A Typesetter-independent troff," AT&T CSTR #97) explains troff's durability. After discussing the program's "obvious deficiencies -- a rebarbative input syntax, mysterious and undocumented properties in some areas, and a voracious appetite for computer resources" and noting the ugliness and extreme hairiness of the code and internals, Kernighan concludes: None of these remarks should be taken as denigrating Ossanna's accomplishment with TROFF. It has proven a remarkably robust tool, taking unbelievable abuse from a variety of preprocessors and being forced into uses that were never conceived of in the original design, all with considerable grace under fire. The success of TeX and desktop publishing systems have reduced troff's relative importance, but this tribute perfectly captures the strengths that secured troff a place in hacker folklore; indeed, it could be taken more generally as an indication of those qualities of good programs that, in the long run, hackers most admire. From Jargon Dictionary

troff

format documents From whatis

troffcvt

Converts troff source to HTML, RTF, and plain text. Use this package to convert manuals and manpages and other documents written using troff to more manageable formats, such as HTML, RTF, or plain text. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

trojan

A class of malware, the word trojan refers to the classic Trojan Horse from the Iliad. In this story, after giving up on sieging the fortified city of Troy, the Greeks left behind a present. This consisted of a large wooden horse left at the outskirts of the town. After seeing the Greeks sail off, the citizens brought the wooden horse into town. The horse contained Greek warriors, who promptly jumped out, killed a bunch of people, and opened the city gates, letting in the Greek army who had actually been hiding rather than sailing off with the ships. Trojans are one of the leading causes of breaking into machines. If you pull down a program from a chat room, new group, or even from unsolicited e-mail, then the program is likely trojaned with some subversive purpose. It might contain a virus, a password-grabber, or consist of a remote admin trojan designed to allow remote control over your machine. Contrast: Whereas the general popular uses the word virus to refer to any malware, a Trojan is not technically a virus. Generally, Trojans do not spread to other programs or other machines. Key point: The word can be used as a verb. To trojan a program is to add subversive functionality to an existing program. For example, a trojaned login program might be programmed to accept a certain password for any user's account that the hacker can use to log back into the system at any time. Rootkits often contain a suite of such trojaned programs. Key point: Users can often break into a system by leaving behind trojaned command programs in directories (like their own directory or the /tmp directory). If you copy your own ls program to the /tmp directory, and somebody else does a cd /tmp then an ls, that user will run your program with their own privileges. This is especially dangerous against root, which is why the local directory should not be part of the search path for the root account. Contrast: A big fear is the transitive trojan -- a trojan horse that generates other trojans. The best example is the trojan described by Ken Thompson. He put a trojan horse into the C compiler so that when the login code was compiled, it would always accept a backdoor password. A common technique to guard against that is to first recompile the compiler first. Thompson therefore trojaned the compiler so that when it recompiled itself, it would put back the trojan. Therefore, even when you had the complete source to UNIX and compiler, you still couldn't recompile from scratch and remove the trojan. The fear is that tool vendors might put such trojans in their compilers, which cause products made from those compilers to have backdoors. From Hacking-Lexicon

trophy

A 2D car racing action game. Trophy is a single-player racing game for Linux. Even though the goal is basically to finish the laps as the first, Trophy is an action game which offers much more than just a race. Lots of extras enable "unusual" features for races such as shooting, putting mines and many others. This package contains the executable. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

trr19

A type training software on GNU Emacs. This is just a beta version. Trr19 won't work with XEmacs. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

trscripts

Scripts for reencoding text files and BDF-fonts. The script `trbdf' can convert a BDF font from one codeset to another. The script `trcs' reencodes text files from one codeset to another. It can generate scripts for `tr'. For example the command trcs --from cp1252 --to latin1 --gen-script gives you the following output: #!/bin/sh trap "exit 0" PIPE cat "[email protected]" | tr \ '\200''\201''\202''\203''\204''\205''\206''\207''\210''\211''\212'\ '\213''\214''\215''\216''\217''\220''\221''\222''\223''\224''\225'\ '\226''\227''\230''\231''\232''\233''\234''\235''\236''\237' \ '\105''\77''\47''\146''\42''\267''\53''\77''\136''\77''\123'\ '\253''\117''\77''\132''\77''\77''\47''\47''\42''\42''\267'\ '\-''\-''\176''\77''\163''\273''\157''\77''\172''\131' Both scripts try to approximate the missing from the target codeset symbols. It is easy to add support of other character sets. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

truc

transfer big files through e-mail truc & untruc are two shell scripts that allow you to transfer big files through e-mail. They are using classical commands such as uuencode, tar, compress, csplit, etc. The word 'truc' (French) means: "Transfert Rapide Uuencode' Compresse'". From Debian 3.0r0 APT

true

do nothing, successfully From whatis

trueprint

pretty printing of source code It prints the source code of various programming languages in pretty way. Additionally it prints lines and also summarizes functions where they are located and other nifty things like make a Postscript file instead of printing it. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

trust

The word trust has a huge amount of significance within the infosec community. The most immediately connotation is the use of this word instead of "secure". Government standards talk about Trusted Systems rather than secure systems. This is a zen way at looking at security. The main issue hinges around to what degree you can trust systems. If you store confidential information on a computer, you are placing your trust in that computer. More importantly, you are trusting the people/organization that operates that system. From Hacking-Lexicon

trustees

Advanced permission management system for Linux. The main goal of Linux trustees project is to create an advanced permission management system for linux. In fact, UNIX permission system is not suitable for solution of very common tasks. E.g., let a system administrator wants to create a directory that available for some groups in write mode, for another groups - in read only. The files in the directory and subdirectories should inherits the parent's behavior, unless other is stated explicitly. Using standard UNIX (and Linux) security model it is generally speaking impossible to implement the situation when different groups have read/write and read/only permissions. This issue can be resolved by ext2-fs ACL project, but the problem is that nobody wants to copy mask or ACLs from parent directory to subdirectories either by hands or using special scripts. Using the trustees, you can resolve this problems just typing [/device]/path:+group1:REBX The solution proposed is mainly inspired by Novell Netware approach and Java security API. Special objects (called trustees) can be bounded to every file or directory. Trustee object means that access to file or directory or directory with subdirectories is granted (or denied) to certain user or group (or all except user or group). This package provides settrustee utility, which enables new privileges from trustee.conf. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

try-from

test program for the tcp_wrapper From whatis

tryaffix

Interactive spelling checking From whatis

tse3play

MIDI/TSE3MDL player/converter (tse3play) tse3play plays TSE3MDL files and MIDI files using the TSE3 sequencer engine. It was originally developed as a test application for the TSE3 engine, but is now a fully featured playback application. It can convert files between the two supported formats. Whilst playing it provides text-based visual feedback or can stream an English representation of the contents of the file to standard output. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tset

terminal initialization From whatis

tsiag

text version of the SIAG spreadsheet The spreadsheet part of the Siag Office suite. Siag is a spreadsheet based on X and scheme. Being based on scheme allows any user to expand the functionality of siag in just about any way imaginable. It can read and write 1-2-3 files for inter-operation with other well-known spreadsheet programs. You can enter expressions in several languages: C, guile, SIOD, Tcl. This one uses a test-based user interface (ncurses). You will find an X11 version in the `siag' package. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tsocks

transparent network access through a SOCKS 4 or 5 proxy tsocks provides transparent network access through a SOCKS version 4 or 5 proxy (usually on a firewall). tsocks intercepts the calls applications make to establish TCP connections and transparently proxies them as necessary. This allows existing applications to use SOCKS without recompilation or modification. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tsort

perform topological sort From whatis

ttcn3parser

Parser for the TTCN-3 test specification language This is a parser for TTCN-3 (Testing and Test Control Notation 3), a language mainly for testing of communication protocols. Both the language and the parser are still under development. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

ttf-commercial

Install or share some commercial TrueType fonts with windows. This package is for sharing commercial TrueType fonts with windows. But, also it should be used to install fonts from CD-ROM. This package does not contain any fonts. You need to mount the commercial font CD-ROM or windows partition(if you already installed fonts to windows) before install this package. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

ttf2afm

utility to generate AFM files for TrueType fonts From whatis

ttf2pt1

A TrueType to PostScript Type 1 Font Converter Ttf2pt1 is a font converter from the True Typeformat (and some other formats supported by the FreeType library as well) to the Adobe Type1 format. Home Page: http://ttf2pt1.sourceforge.net/ From Debian 3.0r0 APT

ttfprint

A utility to print Chinese text using truetype fonts Ttfprint takes a Chinese text file as input and produce a Postscript version by using Chinese Truetype fonts. You can select the paper size, margin widths, font size, character and line spacing, and more. Other features include date/time and page number insertion and duplex printing. You can also print headers and templates (overlays) graphics (in EPS format) on top of the texts. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

ttfprint

Ttfprint makes a Postscript file from a Chinese text file with Chinese TrueType fonts. From Redhat 8.0 RPM

ttmkfdir

An utility for creating fonts.scale file for TTF fonts. ''This program is for users of xfsft by Juliusz Chroboczek and Mark Leisher. It reads TrueType fonts and creates a suitable fonts.scale file for use with the above mentioned X font server.'' (Joerg Pommnitz' README) 'ttmkfdir' works excellent for both TT-aware font servers, i.e. xfsft and xfs-xtt. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

ttv

tty TV application TV application for terminals, based on aalib. Uses video4linux devices as video input. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tty

/T-T-Y/, /tit'ee/ n. The latter pronunciation was primarily ITS, but some Unix people say it this way as well; this pronunciation is not considered to have sexual undertones. 1. A terminal of the teletype variety, characterized by a noisy mechanical printer, a very limited character set, and poor print quality. Usage: antiquated (like the TTYs themselves). See also bit-paired keyboard. 2. [especially Unix] Any terminal at all; sometimes used to refer to the particular terminal controlling a given job. 3. [Unix] Any serial port, whether or not the device connected to it is a terminal; so called because under Unix such devices have names of the form tty*. Ambiguity between senses 2 and 3 is common but seldom bothersome. From Jargon Dictionary

tty

An abbreviation for TeleType, which is used in Linux to mean terminal. For example, tty03 means terminal number 3. From Linux Guide @FirstLinux

tty

controlling terminal From whatis

tty

print the file name of the terminal connected to standard input From whatis

ttylinux

ttylinux is a minimalistic Linux distribution that can run in as little as 2.88 megabytes of space. It will provide only a text-based interface, but it enables you to dial into the Internet and surf web pages even on a low-end machine. Version 3.1 was released April 8, 2003. A small disk distribution. From LWN Distribution List

ttylog

serial port logger Print everything onto stdout what comes from a serial device. You can specify the device and the baud rate. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

ttyrec

A tty recorder ttyrec is a tty recorder. A recorded data can be playback with the included ttyplay command. ttyrec is just a derivative of script command for recording timing information with microsecond accuracy as well. It can record emacs -nw, vi, lynx, or any programs running on tty. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

ttysnoop

TTY Snoop - allows you to spy on telnet+serial connections TTYSnoop allows you to snoop on login tty's through another tty-device or pseudo-tty. The snoop-tty becomes a 'clone' of the original tty, redirecting both input and output from/to it. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tua

The Uucp Analyzer Its purpose is to collect all the information that the UUCP package puts in its various logs. It then builds up a clear report, showing data from several different points of view. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tuareg-mode

An emacs-mode for ocaml programs. Tuareg is a Caml mode for GNU Emacs and XEmacs. It handles automatic indentation of Objective Caml and Camllight codes. Key parts of the code are highlighted using Font-Lock. Support to run an interactive Caml toplevel and debugger is provided. This mode attempts to give better results than the one provided in the standard distribution OCaml 3.x. Indentation rules are slightly different but closer to classical functional languages indentation. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tube

1. n. A CRT terminal. Never used in the mainstream sense of TV; real hackers don't watch TV, except for Loony Toons, Rocky & Bullwinkle, Trek Classic, the Simpsons, and the occasional cheesy old swashbuckler movie. 2. [IBM] To send a copy of something to someone else's terminal. "Tube me that note?" From Jargon Dictionary

tube time

n. Time spent at a terminal or console. More inclusive than hacking time; commonly used in discussions of what parts of one's environment one uses most heavily. "I find I'm spending too much of my tube time reading mail since I started this revision." From Jargon Dictionary

tune

vt. [from automotive or musical usage] To optimize a program or system for a particular environment, esp. by adjusting numerical parameters designed as hooks for tuning, e.g., by changing #define lines in C. One may `tune for time' (fastest execution), `tune for space' (least memory use), or `tune for configuration' (most efficient use of hardware). See bum, hot spot, hand-hacking. From Jargon Dictionary

tune2fs

adjust tunable filesystem parameters on second extended filesystems From whatis

tunelp

set various parameters for the lp device From whatis

tunnel

A way of establishing an outbound connection through a firewall in such a way that it is neither blocked or monitored. This isn't a way of breaking through a firewall, but assuming you've compromised a machine on the other side of a firewall (through some other technique), this will allow you to communicate with that machine from the Internet. It is also used by people behind firewalls that use restrictive rulesets: users simply create a tunnel back to their home machine. Example: People have written tunnels over ICMP, DNS, HTTP, e-mail messages, and TCP connections. Tunnels can either by of the "port redirector" style (which run on top of any TCP/IP stack) or of the network interface variety (below the TCP/IP stack requiring kernel mod). From Hacking-Lexicon

tunnelv

Encrypted network connection within a TCP/IP connection Tunnel Vision creates a "virtual" TCP/IP network (VPN) between two Tunnel Vision-capable sites on the internet. It uses the strongest encryption that's actually useful (1024-bit RSA and 128-bit Blowfish) to protect your data along the way. This connection between two TV servers is called a "tunnel." Tunnel Vision is usually used on a router or gateway machine. When someone on your network wants to send data to someone on the other side of the tunnel, it sends through the default gateway (the TV server) like it normally would. You configure the TV server to send data through the tunnel instead of just forwarding it onto the internet. Tunnel Vision requires Linux 2.1.122 or higher with the ethertap and netlink devices. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

turbine

Website development framework. Turbine is a servlet based framework that allows experienced Java developers to quickly build secure web applications. Parts of Turbine can also be used independently of the web portion of Turbine as well. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

turqstat

Fidonet and Usenet statistics program Turquoise SuperStat is a simple but powerful Fidonet and Usenet message base statistics program that can read messages that are stored in SDM (*.MSG), SquishMail, JAM, FDAPX/w and MyPoint message bases as well as local or remote (NNTP) Usenet news spools. This is the command line based version. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tux-aqfh

3D Puzzle Game with Tux the Penguin Tux: A quest for herring is a 3D search/explore/puzzle game. Follow our Hero Tux the Penguin in a quest for eight golden herring. Game is in full 3rd person perspective, It's written in OpenGL. Initial release has only a handful of playable levels - but it's all OpenSourced under GPL and hopefully enough people will want to help with the development to turn this into something very special. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tuxeyes

a fancy version of xeyes This package displays Tux, Chuck (the BSD daemon), Luxus, or Dust Puppy following your mouse cursor in X with their eyes. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tuxkart

A 3D go-kart racing game. TuxKart is a 3D go-kart racing game with several famous OpenSource mascots participating. There are several race courses provided, with full information on how to add your own. Except for a few minor details, this game is essentially complete, and very playable. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tuxpuck

"Shufflepuck Cafe" Clone Anyone remember "Shufflepuck Cafe" for the Amiga/AtariST? I do. TuxPuck is a shufflepuck game written in C using SDL. The player moves a pad around a board and tries to shoot down the puck through the opponents defense. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tuxracer

3D racing game featuring Tux, the Linux penguin Tux Racer is a simple OpenGL-based racing game featuring Tux, the Linux Penguin. The object of the game is to slide down a snow- and ice-covered mountain as quickly as possible, avoiding the trees and rocks that will slow you down. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tuxracer

Tux Racer is a simple OpenGL-based racing game featuring Tux. The object of the game is to slide down a snow- and ice-covered mountain as quickly as possible, avoiding the trees and rocks that will slow you down. From Redhat 8.0 RPM

tuxtype

Educational Typing Tutor Game Starring Tux TuxTyping is an educational typing tutorial game starring Tux, the Linux Penguin. The player guides Tux to eat fish which are falling from the top of the screen. Each fish has a letter written on it. When the player presses the corresponding key, Tux will position himself to eat the fish. The game is intended for children learning to type, though it does have higher difficulty levels which even experienced typists may find challenging. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

twclock

Clock program for hamradio operators This is a clock program which will displays the current time in major cities around the world. The current time at some point on the globe is determined using the time zone information contained in the files located under the directory /usr/share/zoneinfo. A file selection box allows you to pick the area or city of interest. The clock will then display the current time for the selected location. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tweak

vt. 1. To change slightly, usually in reference to a value. Also used synonymously with twiddle. If a program is almost correct, rather than figure out the precise problem you might just keep tweaking it until it works. See frobnicate and fudge factor; also see shotgun debugging. 2. To tune or bum a program; preferred usage in the U.K. From Jargon Dictionary

twiddle

n. 1. Tilde (ASCII 1111110, ~). Also called `squiggle', `sqiggle' (sic -- pronounced /skig'l/), and `twaddle', but twiddle is the most common term. 2. A small and insignificant change to a program. Usually fixes one bug and generates several new ones (see also shotgun debugging). 3. vt. To change something in a small way. Bits, for example, are often twiddled. Twiddling a switch or knobs implies much less sense of purpose than toggling or tweaking it; see frobnicate. To speak of twiddling a bit connotes aimlessness, and at best doesn't specify what you're doing to the bit; `toggling a bit' has a more specific meaning (see bit twiddling, toggle). 4. Uncommon name for the twirling baton prompt. From Jargon Dictionary

twig

The Web Information Gateway TWIG is a groupware client designed to be used with web browsers. The main goal was to provide an IMAP client, but it now offers agenda, news-reader, bookmarks, contact list and other features. TWIG can be used as a webmail app with remote mail and news servers, so these are not needed in the local machine. This package is prepared to be used with either MySQL or PostgreSQL, but it is possible to use it with many other databases if properly configured. More info about TWIG can be found in http://twig.screwdriver.net/. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

twin

a Text mode WINdow environment. Twin is a windowing environment with mouse support, window manager, terminal emulator and networked clients, all inside a text display. It supports a variety of displays: * plain text terminals (any termcap/ncurses compatible terminal, Linux console, twin's own terminal emulator); * X11, where it can be used as a multi-window xterm; * itself (you can display a twin on another twin); * twdisplay, a general network-transparent display client, used to attach/detach more displays on-the-fly. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

twirling baton

n. [PLATO] The overstrike sequence -/|\-/|\- which produces an animated twirling baton. If you output it with a single backspace between characters, the baton spins in place. If you output the sequence BS SP between characters, the baton spins from left to right. If you output BS SP BS BS between characters, the baton spins from right to left. This is also occasionally called a twiddle prompt. The twirling baton was a popular component of animated signature files on the pioneering PLATO educational timesharing system. The archie Internet service is perhaps the best-known baton program today; it uses the twirling baton as an idler indicating that the program is working on a query. The twirling baton is also used as a boot progress indicator on several BSD variants of Unix; if it stops you're probably going to have a long and trying day. From Jargon Dictionary

twisted

Event-based framework for internet applications. It includes a web server, a telnet server, a multiplayer RPG engine, a generic client and server for remote object access, and APIs for creating new protocols. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

twlog

Logging program for hamradio operators This GUI program records basic Ham log information. It is for day to day logging, not contesting. There is no dup checking and contest related things like that. My keyboard is where my logbook used to be, so why not use the computer to log QSOs! The interface can be customized without re-compiling. A resource file allows you to modify the menus for the bands, modes, etc. that you use. Most of the log entries can be made with a button press or a single key stroke. It records the date, start and end times, call sign, band, mode, power, and signal reports. There is also a field for general notes. A second window allows you to search and edit the log file, and a third window provides online help. The help file can also be view with any unix command or editor at any time. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

twm

Tab Window Manager for the X Window System From whatis

twm

Tab Window Manager for the X Window System From whatis

twm

Tab window manager twm is a window manager for the X Window System. It provides title bars, shaped windows, several forms of icon management, user-defined macro functions, click-to-type and pointer-driven keyboard focus, and user-specified key and pointer button bindings. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

twoftpd

a simple secure efficient FTP server This is twoftpd, a new FTP server that strives to be secure, simple, and efficient. None of the commands can cause execution of other programs, and the normal model of execution does a chroot to the logged in user's directory immediately after authentication. The name "twoftpd" comes from the fact that there were two parts to the server -- an authenticating front end, which contains no file or data transfer code, and a back end, which contains all the data transfer code. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

twpsk

Soundcard-based X program for operating PSK31 Twpsk uses a soundcard to receive and transmit PSK31, an extremely narrow band HF-mode. PSK31 is a mode for keyboard QSO's. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

twutils

Utilities for twin Utilities that fits well with the Text WINdow manager, twin. it currently only contains twkalc, a calculator. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

txfonts

Times-likes font for TeX. TX fonts consist of 1. virtual text Roman fonts using Adobe Times (or URW NimbusRomNo9L) in OT1, T1, TS1, and LY1 encodings (with some modified and additional text symbols) 2. virtual text sans serif fonts using Adobe Helvetica (or URW NimbusSanL) in OT1, T1, TS1, and LY1 encodings (with additional text symbols) 3. monospaced typewriter fonts in OT1, T1, TS1, and LY1 encodings 4. math alphabets using Adobe Times (or URW NimbusRomNo9L) with modified metrics 5. math fonts of all symbols corresponding to those of Computer Modern math fonts (CMSY, CMMI, CMEX, and Greek letters of CMR) 6. math fonts of all symbols corresponding to those of AMS fonts (MSAM and MSBM) 7. additional math fonts of various symbols From Debian 3.0r0 APT

txt2html

Text to HTML converter. txt2html is a Perl program that converts plain text to HTML. It supports headings, lists, simple character markup, and hyperlinking, and is highly customizable. It recognizes some of the apparent structure of the source document (mostly whitespace and typographic layout), and attempts to mark that structure explicitly using HTML. the purpose for this tool is to provide an easier way of converting existing text documents to HTML format. txt2html can also be used to aid in writing new HTML documents, but there are probably better ways of doing that. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

txt2pdbdoc

Convert plain text files to Palm DOC (for PalmOS) and back This utility converts plain text files (or HTML files) to the de facto PalmOS standard DOC format for use in document readers (such as "C Spot Run") and editors (such as "ZDOC"). DOC files are compressed by default, and txt2pdbdoc can also convert DOC files back to plain text. WARNING: Generated PDB files (for this and previous versions) may cause problems on the Palm if they are installed by some method other than hotsyncing (e.g. via a memory card). See bug #118930 for details. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

txt2regex

A Regular Expression "wizard", all written with bash2 builtins ^txt2regex$ is a Regular Expression "wizard", all written with bash2 builtins, that converts human sentences to RegExs. With a simple interface, you just answer to questions and build your own RegEx for a large variety of programs, like awk, emacs, grep, perl, php, procmail, python, sed and vim. There are more than 20 supported programs. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

type1inst

Install Adobe Type 1 fonts into X11 and Ghostscript type1inst is a small perl script which generates the "fonts.scale" file required by an X11 server to use any Type 1 PostScript fonts which exist in a particular directory. It gathers this information from the font files themselves, a task which previously was done by hand. The script is also capable of generating the similar "Fontmap" file used by ghostscript. It can also generate sample sheets for the fonts. The xutils package contains a utility called makepsres, which creates output in a different format but which may nevertheless be more useful. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

typespeed

Zap words flying across the screen by typing them correctly This program will display words flying across the screen from left to right. Zap the words by typing them in. If they reach the right side of the screen, they disappear and you get no credit for them. Miss too many words and the game is over. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tyvis1

UC's VHDL Simulation Runtime Libraries - shared library only This package contains the University of Cincinnati's VHDL runtime libraries. These libraries are required to run VHDL simulations compiled with the SAVANT analyzer. From Debian 3.0r0 APT

tzcoord.pl

script that prints coordinates of a named timezone From whatis

tzselect

select a time zone From whatis

tzselect

view timezones From whatis

tzsetup

set the local timezone From whatis

tzwatch

Displays time and date in specified time zones on console This shell script displays the time and date of time zones specified by the user. The time zones may be entered by hand in TZ format or chosen from a list prepared from /usr/share/zoneinfo/zone.tab. The zone list is kept in a format consistent with the GTK+ application gworldclock. From Debian 3.0r0 APT